Multiple package groups have been updated to use
python2. The list of groups is:
python-web package group has been removed from comps.
Previous releases of Fedora for ARM (
Aarch64) systems enabled a small
amount of swap space by default. This was generally a good thing, however
in some cases using swap on ARM can cause problems such as heavy wear on SD
cards due to excess use of wear leveling. Fedora 29 enables ZRAM in order
to mitigate this and enable more memory on ARM single-board computers (SBCs)
by compressing a part of the RAM and using it as a swap space. This
provides better performance and reliability on such devices, which in turn
provides better user experience. ZRAM is enabled on all ARM images by
Fedora 29 drops support for big endian IBM POWER (
ppc64) systems. This
change comes after big-endian ppc64 systems have been supported in a
"maintenance only" mode for several years, and is largely caused by upstream
focus on little endian
ppc64le. For more detailed justification behind
this change, see the
In previous releases,
i686 RPM packages were built in a way that was
compatible with certain very old processors such as Intel Pentium III. The
only addition over the i686/Pentium Pro baseline is a requirement to support
long NOPs, for Intel CET. However, the majority of
installations is actually on
x86_64 systems as multi-lib RPMs.
Furthermore, there are
that the i686 kernel does not run stable on old hardware which is not
Fedora 29 changes build requirements for
i686 packages in such a way that
they require the instruction set architecture (ISA) of early
Specifically, the following changes are made to 32-bit packages to optimize
them for use on current
The default compiler flags are changed to
-march=i686 -msse2 -mtune=generic -mfpmath=sse -mstackrealign. This enables SSE2 support with optimal backwards compatibility due to automatic stack realignment. (16-byte stack alignment was introduced with SSE2 support in the i386 ABI, but old binaries only provide 4-byte stack alignment.)
x86packages can use SSE2 optimizations unconditionally.
This increases compatibility with some upstreams which have mostly given up on support for non-SSE2 x86 systems.
Excess precision problems inherent to the legacy i387 FPU disappear, and math results become more predictable.
The latter two items are primarily a benefit to those developers who work on Fedora itself.
One notable impact of this change is that 32-bit x86 systems which lack SSE2 support will not be able to install or upgrade to Fedora 29. This only applies to 32-bit x86 systems. For 64-bit x86 systems, SSE2 support is a required support of the baseline ABI and already extensively used by Fedora.
Prior to Fedora 29, only major Fedora editions were using the
VARIANT_ID fields in
/usr/lib/os-release (and the
symlink). That meant it was impossible to distinguish between, for example,
a desktop spin and a container image.
Fedora 29 uses these fields on every variant. Combined with UUID counting, this will provide Fedora Project with a much clearer picture of real-world usage of various spins and editions, and allow the Project to determine which editions are most popular and to better optimize time and resources.
Fedora Atomic Workstation has been renamed to Fedora Silverblue and has been released alongside Fedora 29. See the Silverblue section for release notes.
Fedora 29 changes the default PATH. See System Utilities for details.