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Fedora 11

Release Notes

Release Notes for Fedora 11

Fedora Documentation Team

Dale Bewley


Paul Frields


Chitlesh Goorah

Electronic Design Automation 

Kevin Kofler


Rüdiger Landmann


Ryan Lerch


John McDonough

Amateur Radio, Development Tools 

Dominik Mierzejewski


David Nalley

File Systems 

Zachary Oglesby


Jens Petersen

Internationalization, Haskell 

Rahul Sundaram

Linux Kernel 

Miloslav Trmac


Karsten Wade


Legal Notice

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This document details the release notes for Fedora 11.

1. Welcome to Fedora 11
1.1. Fedora 11 Overview
1.2. Hardware Requirements
1.3. Welcome to Fedora
1.4. Common bugs
1.5. Feedback
2. Installation Notes
2.1. Installation in Text Mode
2.2. Upgrade Notes
2.3. Boot Menu
2.4. Updated boot.iso
3. Architecture Specific Notes
3.1. x86 Specifics for Fedora
4. Changes in Fedora for Desktop Users
4.1. Fedora Desktop
4.2. Networking
4.3. Printing
4.4. International Language Support
4.5. Multimedia
4.6. Games and Entertainment
4.7. Fedora Live Images
5. Changes in Fedora for System Administrators
5.1. Fedora 11 Boot Time
5.2. Security
5.3. Virtualization
5.4. Web and Content Servers
5.5. Mail Servers
5.6. Database Servers
5.7. File Servers
5.8. Samba (Windows Compatibility)
5.9. System Daemons
5.10. File Systems
5.11. X Window System (Graphics)
5.12. HA Cluster Infrastructure
6. Changes in Fedora for Developers
6.1. Development
6.2. Runtime
6.3. Tools
6.4. Java
6.5. Eclipse
6.6. Haskell
6.7. Embedded Development
6.8. Backwards Compatibility
6.9. Linux Kernel
7. Changes in Fedora for Specific Audiences
7.1. What's new in science and mathematics
7.2. Electronic Design Automation
7.3. What's new for amateur radio operators
A. Legal Information
A.1. License
A.2. Trademarks
A.3. External References
A.4. Export
A.5. Legal Information
A.6. More Information
B. Revision History

1. Welcome to Fedora 11

1.1. Fedora 11 Overview

As always, Fedora continues to develop ( and integrate the latest free and open source software ( The following sections provide a brief overview of major changes from the last release of Fedora. For more details about other features that are included in Fedora 11, refer to their individual wiki pages that detail feature goals and progress:
Throughout the release cycle, there are interviews with the developers behind key features giving out the inside story:
The following are major features for Fedora 11:
  • Automatic font and mime-type installation - PackageKit was introduced in Fedora 9 as a cross-distro software management application for users. The capabilities it offers thanks to integration with the desktop became more visible in Fedora 10, where it provided automatic codec installation. Now in Fedora 11, PackageKit extends this functionality with the ability to automatically install fonts where needed for viewing and editing documents. It also includes the capability to install handlers for specific content types as needed. Some work is still being completed to provide automatic installation of applications.
  • Volume Control - Currently, people using Fedora have to go through many levels of mixers in different applications to properly set up sound sources. These are all exposed in the volume control on the desktop, making for a very confusing user experience. PulseAudio allows us to unify the volume controls in one interface that makes setting up sound easier and more pain-free.
  • Intel, ATI and Nvidia kernel modsetting - Fedora 10 provided the first steps by a major distribution into using the kernel modesetting (KMS) feature to speed up graphical boot. We indicated at the time that we would be adding greater support for additional video cards as time went on. KMS originally was featured only on some ATI cards. In Fedora 11, this work is extended to include many more video cards, including Intel and Nvidia, and additional ATI as well. Although not fully complete, we have increased enormously the video card coverage of the KMS feature, with more to come.
  • Fingerprint - Extensive work has been done to make fingerprint readers easy to use as an authentication mechanism. Currently, using fingerprint readers is a bit of a pain, and installing/using fprint and its pam module take more time than should ever be necessary. The goal of this feature is to make it painless by providing all the required pieces in Fedora, together with nicely integrated configuration. To enable this functionality the user will register their fingerprints on the system as part of user account creation. After doing so, they will easily be able to log in and authenticate seamlessly using a simple finger swipe. This greatly simplifies one element of identity management and is a great step in the evolution of the linux desktop.
  • IBus input method system - ibus has been rewritten in C and is the new default input method for Asian languages. It allows input methods to be added and removed dynamically during a desktop session. It supports Chinese (pinyin, libchewing, tables), Indic (m17n), Japanese (anthy), Korean (libhangul), and more. There are still some features missing compared to scim so testing is strongly encouraged and reports of problems and suggestions for improvements welcome.
  • Presto - Normally when you update a package in Fedora, you download an entire replacement package. Most of the time (especially for the larger packages), most of the actual data in the updated package is the same as the original package, but you still end up downloading the full package. Presto allows you to download the difference (called the delta) between the package you have installed and the one you want to update to. This can reduce the download size of updates by 60% – 80%. It is not enabled by default for this release. To make use of this feature you must install the yum-presto plugin with yum install yum-presto.
    For further details refer to the Presto wiki page
Some other features in this release include:
  • Ext4 filesystem - The ext3 file system has remained the mature standard in Linux for a long time. The ext4 file system is a major update that has an improved design, even better performance and reliability, support for much larger storage, and very fast file system checks and file deletions. It is now the default filesystem for new installations.
  • Virt Improved Console - In Fedora 10 and earlier the virtual guest console is limited to a screen resolution of 800x600. In Fedora 11 the goal is to have the screen default to at least 1024x768 resolution out of the box. New installations of F11 provide the ability to use other interface devices in the virtual guest, such as a USB tablet, which the guest will automatically detect and configure. Among the results is a mouse pointer that tracks the local client pointer one-for-one, and providing expanded capabilities.
  • MinGW (Windows cross compiler) - Fedora 11 provides MinGW, a development environment for Fedora users who wish to cross-compile their programs to run on Windows without having to use Windows. In the past developers have had to port and compile all of the libraries and tools they have needed, and this huge effort has happened independently many times over. MinGW eliminates duplication of work for application developers by providing a range of libraries and development tools already ported to the cross-compiler environment. Developers don't have to recompile the application stack themselves, but can concentrate just on the changes needed to their own application.
Features for Fedora 11 tracked on the feature list page:

1.2. Hardware Requirements

1.2.1. Processor and memory requirements for PPC Architectures

  • Minimum CPU: PowerPC G3 / POWER3
  • Fedora 11 supports the New World generation of Apple Power Macintosh, shipped from circa 1999 onward. Although Old World machines should work, they require a special bootloader which is not included in the Fedora distribution. Fedora has also been installed and tested on POWER5 and POWER6 machines.
  • Fedora 11 supports pSeries and Cell Broadband Engine machines.
  • Fedora 11 also supports the Sony PlayStation 3 and Genesi Pegasos II and Efika.
  • Fedora 11 includes new hardware support for the P.A. Semiconductor 'Electra' machines.
  • Fedora 11 also includes support for Terrasoft Solutions powerstation workstations.
  • Recommended for text-mode: 233 MHz G3 or better, 128MiB RAM.
  • Recommended for graphical: 400 MHz G3 or better, 256MiB RAM.

1.2.2. Processor and memory requirements for x86 Architectures

The following CPU specifications are stated in terms of Intel processors. Other processors, such as those from AMD, Cyrix, and VIA that are compatible with and equivalent to the following Intel processors, may also be used with Fedora. Fedora 11 requires an Intel Pentium or better processor, and is optimized for Pentium 4 and later processors.
  • Recommended for text-mode: 200 MHz Pentium-class or better
  • Recommended for graphical: 400 MHz Pentium II or better
  • Minimum RAM for text-mode: 128MiB
  • Minimum RAM for graphical: 192MiB
  • Recommended RAM for graphical: 256MiB

1.2.3. Processor and memory requirements for x86_64 architectures

  • Minimum RAM for text-mode: 256MiB
  • Minimum RAM for graphical: 384MiB
  • Recommended RAM for graphical: 512MiB

1.2.4. Hard disk space requirements for all architectures

The complete packages can occupy over 9 GB of disk space. Final size is entirely determined by the installing spin and the packages selected during installation. Additional disk space is required during installation to support the installation environment. This additional disk space corresponds to the size of /Fedora/base/stage2.img (on Installation Disc 1) plus the size of the files in /var/lib/rpm on the installed system.
In practical terms, additional space requirements may range from as little as 90 MiB for a minimal installation to as much as an additional 175 MiB for a larger installation.
Additional space is also required for any user data, and at least 5% free space should be maintained for proper system operation.

1.3. Welcome to Fedora

Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and open source software. Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It is built by people across the globe who work together as a community: the Fedora Project. The Fedora Project is open and anyone is welcome to join. The Fedora Project is out front for you, leading the advancement of free, open software and content.


Visit to view the latest release notes for Fedora, especially if you are upgrading. If you are migrating from a release of Fedora older than the immediately previous one, you should refer to older Release Notes for additional information.
You can help the Fedora Project community continue to improve Fedora if you file bug reports and enhancement requests. Refer to for more information about bug and feature reporting. Thank you for your participation.
To find out more general information about Fedora, refer to the following Web pages:

1.4. Common bugs

No software is without bugs. One of the features of free and open source software is the ability to report bugs, helping to fix or improve the software you use.
A list of common bugs is maintained for each release by the Fedora Project as a good place to start when you are having a problem that might be a bug in the software:

1.5. Feedback

Thank you for taking the time to provide your comments, suggestions, and bug reports to the Fedora community; this helps improve the state of Fedora, Linux, and free software worldwide.

1.5.1. Providing Feedback on Fedora Software

To provide feedback on Fedora software or other system elements, please refer to A list of commonly reported bugs and known issues for this release is available from

1.5.2. Providing Feedback on Release Notes

If you feel these release notes could be improved in any way, you can provide your feedback directly to the beat writers. There are several ways to provide feedback, in order of preference:

2. Installation Notes


To learn how to install Fedora, refer to If you encounter a problem or have a question during installation that is not covered in these release notes, refer to and
Anaconda is the name of the Fedora installer. This section outlines issues related to anaconda and installing Fedora 11.

2.1. Installation in Text Mode


We recommend that you use the graphical installer to install Fedora on your computer wherever possible. If you are installing Fedora on a system that lacks a graphical display, consider performing the installation over a VNC connection (see "Chapter 12. Installing Through VNC" in the Fedora 11 Installation Guide). If your system has a graphical display, but graphical installation fails, try booting with the xdriver=vesa option (see "Chapter 9. Boot Options" in the Fedora 11 Installation Guide) or with the Install system with basic video driver option when booting from the Fedora 11 Distro DVD.
The text-mode installation option in Fedora 11 is significantly more streamlined than it was in earlier versions. Text-mode installation now omits the more complicated steps that were previously part of the process, and provides you with an uncluttered and straightforward experience.
These steps are now automated in text mode:
Package selection
Anaconda now automatically selects packages only from the base and core groups. These packages are sufficient to ensure that the system is operational at the end of the installation process, ready to install updates and new packages.
Advanced partitioning
Anaconda still presents you with the initial screen from previous versions that allows you to specify where anaconda should install Fedora on your system. You can choose to use a whole drive, to remove existing Linux partitions, or to use the free space on the drive. However, anaconda now automatically sets the layout of the partitions and does not ask you to add or delete partitions or file systems from this basic layout. If you require a customized layout at installation time, you should perform a graphical installation over a VNC connection or a kickstart installation. More advanced options yet, such as logical volume management (LVM), encrypted filesystems, and resizable filesystems are still only available only in graphical mode and kickstart.
Bootloader configuration
Anaconda now performs bootloader configuration automatically.

2.1.1. Kickstart Installations in Text Mode

Text-mode installations using kickstart are carried out in the same way that they were in previous versions. However, because package selection, advanced partitioning, and bootloader configuration are now automated in text mode, anaconda cannot prompt you for information that it requires during these steps. You must therefore ensure that the kickstart file includes the packaging, partitioning, and bootloader configurations. If any of this information is missing, anaconda will exit with an error message.

2.2. Upgrade Notes

Upgrading from Fedora 9 directly to Fedora 11 using yum is not possible, you must upgrade to Fedora 10 first, then upgrade to Fedora 11. See for more information. You can also use preupgrade to upgrade directly to Fedora 11 using anaconda, minimizing the system downtime by downloading the packages in advance.
Some modified configuration files will be replaced by their original versions during the upgrade. Your modified versions of these configuration files will be saved as *.rpmsave files in that case.

2.3. Boot Menu

The boot menu for the Fedora Distro DVD includes a new option: Install system with basic video driver. This option boots the system with the generic vesa driver (using the xdriver=vesa boot option) and allows you to use Fedora's graphical installation mode even when anaconda cannot load the correct driver for your video card.

2.4. Updated boot.iso

The Fedora installation CDs and DVD provide you with an image file, boot.iso, that you can burn to a CD and use to boot a system and start the installation process. Typically, you would do this prior to installing Fedora from a local hard drive or from a location on a network. You can now use the CD produced from the boot.iso image to start installation on a system that uses Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI). CDs produced from older versions of boot.iso only worked with systems that used Basic Input Output System (BIOS).

3. Architecture Specific Notes

This section provides notes that are specific to the supported hardware architectures of Fedora.

3.1. x86 Specifics for Fedora

By default, the PAE kernel is used on 32-bit hardware, where supported by the hardware.

4. Changes in Fedora for Desktop Users

4.1. Fedora Desktop

4.1.1. GNOME

Previously, users could move the gnome-panel to from one part of the desktop to another by clicking on the gnome-panel, dragging it to another location while holding down the mouse button, and releasing the mouse button. Now, users must also hold down a key on the keyboard while moving the gnome-panel. By default, this modifier key is the Alt key, but users may change it to any other key by using the windows preference tool (System>Preferences>Windows).
This change in behavior greatly reduces the chances of a user accidentally moving the panel, and makes moving the gnome-panel the same as moving windows in GNOME.
The bluez-gnome Bluetooth management tools was replaced by gnome-bluetooth. This adds easy access to switching Bluetooth on/off for laptops, and an easier to use new device setup assistant , as well as the ability to connect to input and audio devices.
The ObexFTP browsing code now has full write support, and new support for the Wacom Bluetooth tablet is included.
Bluetooth audio support is included in gnome-bluetooth and pulseaudio as a technology preview.
Root User disabled for GNOME Display Manager
Root user is disabled by default for GNOME Display Manager (GDM) from Fedora 10 onwards. We strongly recommend that you avoid logging in as root user and instead use su -c or sudo for running commands requiring root access. If you wish to revert this setting however, refer to .

4.1.2. KDE

This release features KDE 4.2.2. Compatibility libraries from KDE 3.5.10 are provided for the remaining KDE 3 applications.
KDE 4.2 is the latest release series of KDE 4 and provides several new features over 4.0 and 4.1, in particular most of the features known from KDE 3 and several new ones. KDE 4.2.2 is a bugfix release from the KDE 4.2 release series.
Fedora 11 includes a snapshot of the NetworkManager plasmoid kde-plasma-networkmanagement, which replaces the KDE 3 knetworkmanager snapshot in Fedora 10. As it was not considered ready for production use, the KDE Live images still use nm-applet from NetworkManager-gnome instead, as in Fedora 8, 9 and 10. The gnome-keyring-daemon facility saves passwords for nm-applet. If you wish to try kde-plasma-networkmanagement, it can be installed from the repository.
Software Updates (PackageKit)
As the default updater in KDE is kpackagekit (since Fedora 10), the gnome-packagekit updater is no longer set up to run in KDE (as of Fedora 11). This avoids the situation where both update applets were trying to run at the same time. Users of Fedora 9 or 10 who were running gnome-packagekit under KDE should install kpackagekit when upgrading to Fedora 11.
Desktop Effects
KDE 4.2 improves support for desktop effects in KWin, the KDE window manager, in particular, they should be more reliable, and more effects are provided, including the famous Cube effect known from Compiz. However, desktop effects are still disabled by default in Fedora due to stability and reliability concerns. Desktop effects can be enabled in the Desktop applet of the System Settings application.
Alternatively, Compiz may also be used with KDE. It can be installed from the repository by installing the compiz-kde package. Please note, however, that enabling desktop effects in KWin is the preferred way to use desktop effects in KDE 4.
Package and Application Changes
  • kde-plasma-networkmanagement replaces knetworkmanager. It has also been made available as an update for Fedora 10, but does not replace knetworkmanager there. Please note that the nm-applet from NetworkManager-gnome is still the default NetworkManager applet in Fedora 11.
  • A KDE frontend for PolicyKit is now provided in the new PolicyKit-kde package. It replaces PolicyKit-gnome on the KDE Live CD. It includes both an authentication agent and an editor for authorization settings (polkit-kde-authorization).
  • As KDE 4.2 includes a power management service, PowerDevil, as part of kdebase-workspace, the old kpowersave and guidance-power-manager packages have been dropped. Users upgrading from earlier Fedora releases should add the Battery Status plasmoid to their panel, which serves as a frontend for PowerDevil.
  • The kdeartwork package has been split into subpackages to allow installing specific artwork items without the huge wallpapers and sounds. In Fedora 9 and 10 updates, these subpackages are required by the main package to ensure upgrade paths. In Fedora 11, these artificial dependencies have been removed, thus kdeartwork-wallpapers and kdeartwork-sounds can be installed or removed separately.
In addition, the following changes made since the Fedora 10 release, which have been backported to Fedora 10 updates, are also part of Fedora 11:
  • KDE has been upgraded from version 4.1.2 to 4.2.2.
  • qt and PyQt4 have been upgraded from 4.4 to 4.5.
  • The phonon library has been upgraded from 4.2 to 4.3.
  • A kdepim3 compatibility package, providing the KDE 3 version of libkcal, has been added to provide ICal support for taskjuggler again.
  • A new subpackage kdebase-workspace-googlegadgets provides support for Google Gadgets in Plasma.
  • The former package qgtkstyle is now part of qt.
  • The former package kde-plasma-lancelot is now part of kdeplasma-addons.
  • New system-config-printer-kde and kdeutils-printer-applet subpackages have been split out from kdeadmin and kdeutils, respectively.
  • The subpackages kdeartwork-extras and kdeartwork-icons of kdeartwork have been renamed to kdeartwork-screensavers and kdeclassic-icon-theme, respectively, in order to better reflect their current contents.
  • The Akonadi framework is now used in several kdepim applications. Some changes have been made to accommodate it:
    • The akonadi package now requires mysql-server so the default configuration works. The MySQL server does not have to be configured, as Akonadi starts up a per-user instance of mysqld with a default server configuration. It is also possible to set up Akonadi to use a manually-configured systemwide or remote MySQL server instance, however this is not the default.
    • A kdepimlibs-akonadi subpackage has been split out from kdepimlibs because some libraries from kdepimlibs are also used in non-PIM applications. The split allows installing these applications without installing Akonadi and MySQL.
  • kde-l10n supports more languages.

4.2. Networking

The bind and unbound (recursive DNS servers) now enable DNSSEC validation in their default configuration. DNSSEC Lookaside Verification (DLV) is also enabled with the DLV Registry. This behavior can be modified in /etc/sysconfig/dnssec by changing the DNSSEC and DLV settings.
With DNSSEC enabled, when a domain supplies DNSSEC data (such as .gov, .se, the ENUM zone and other TLD's) then that data will be cryptographically validated on the recursive DNS server. If validation fails due to attempts at cache poisoning, for example via a Kaminsky Attack, then the end user will not be given this forged/spoofed data. DNSSEC deployment is gaining speed rapidly, and is a crucial and logical step to make the Internet more secure for end users. DLV is used to add DNSSEC signed domains into TLD's that themselves are not yet signed, such as .com and .org.
TigerVNC is used as default VNC project. Package names were changed to tigervnc, tigervnc-server and tigervnc-server-module. Binary names are the same as in previous versions. The module has been moved to the tigervnc-server-module subpackage. Otherwise there should be no difference.

4.3. Printing

In this release, system-config-printer uses PolicyKit to control access to restricted cups functionality. The following functions are controlled via PolicyKit policies currently:
  • add/remove/edit local printers
  • add/remove/edit remote printers
  • add/remove/edit classes
  • enable/disable printer
  • set printer as default printer
  • get/set server settings
  • restart/cancel/edit a job owned by another user
  • restart/cancel/edit a job

4.4. International Language Support

This section includes information on language support under Fedora.

4.4.1. Language Coverage

Fedora features a variety of software that is translated in many languages. For a list of languages refer to the translation statistics for the Anaconda module, which is one of the core software applications in Fedora. Language Support Installation
To install langpacks and additional language support from the Languages group, run this command:
	  su -c 'yum groupinstall <language>-support'

In the command above, <language> is one of assamese, bengali, chinese, gujarati, hindi, japanese, kannada, korean, malayalam, marathi, oriya, punjabi, sinhala, tamil, telegu, thai, and so on. Online Translation
Fedora uses the Transifex online tool to facilitate contributing translations of Fedora-hosted and other upstream projects by numerous translators.
Using the online web tool, translators can contribute directly to any registered upstream project through one translator-oriented web interface. Developers of projects with no existing translation community can easily reach out to Fedora's established community for translations. In turn, translators can reach out to numerous projects related to Fedora to easily contribute translations.

4.4.2. Fonts

Fonts for most languages are installed by default on the desktop to give good default language coverage. Default Language for Han Unification
When GTK-based applications are not running in a Chinese, Japanese, or Korean (CJK) locale, Chinese characters (that is, Chinese Hanzi, Japanese Kanji, or Korean Hanja) may render with a mixture of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean fonts depending on the text. This happens when Pango does not have sufficient context to know which language is being used, due to the Han unification in Unicode. The current default font configuration seems to prefer Chinese fonts. If you normally want to use Japanese or Korean say, you can tell Pango to use it by default by setting the PANGO_LANGUAGE environment variable. For example...
	  export PANGO_LANGUAGE=ja

...tells Pango rendering to assume Japanese text when it has no other indications. Japanese
The fonts-japanese package has been renamed to japanese-bitmap-fonts. Khmer
Khmer OS Fonts khmeros-fonts have been added to Fedora for Khmer coverage in this release. Korean
The un-core-fonts packages replaces baekmuk-ttf-fonts as the new Hangul default fonts.un-extra-fonts packages have been added. Complete List of Changes
All fonts changes are listed on their dedicated page:


Fonts in Fedora: The Fonts SIG takes loving care of Fedora fonts. Please join this special interest group if you are interested in creating, improving, packaging, or just suggesting a font. Any help will be appreciated.

4.4.3. Input Methods

The yum group called input-methods (Input Methods) is installed by default providing standard input methods for many languages. This allows turning on the default input method system and immediately having the standard input methods for most languages available. iBus
Fedora 11 includes iBus, a new input method system that has been developed to overcome some of the architectural limitations of SCIM.
It provides a number of input method engines and immodules:
  • ibus-anthy (Japanese)
  • ibus-chewing (Traditional Chinese)
  • ibus-gtk (GTK+ immodule)
  • ibus-hangul (Korean)
  • ibus-m17n (Indic and many other languages)
  • ibus-pinyin (Simplified Chinese)
  • ibus-qt (Qt immodule)
  • ibus-table (Chinese, etc.)
The first time ibus is run it is necessary to choose which input method engines are needed in the Preferences.
We encourage people upgrading from earlier releases to install iBus, turn it on with im-chooser, and test it for their language, and report any problems in Bugzilla.
The following hotkeys are available by default:
Language Hotkey
general Control + Space
Japanese Zenkaku_Hankaku; Alt+`; Alt+Zenkaku_Hankaku
Korean Hangul; Alt+Alt_R+Release
Table 1. Hotkeys

These are all defined by default for convenience: individual users may prefer to remove some of them and also add their own ibus hotkeys in ibus-setup. im-chooser and imsettings
Input Methods only start by default on desktops running in an Asian locale (specifically for the following locale: as, bn, gu, hi, ja, kn, ko, ml, mr, ne, or, pa, si, ta, te, th, ur, vi, zh). Use im-chooser via System > Preferences > Personal > Input Method to enable or disable input method usage on your desktop at any time with imsettings.
Under imsettings framework the GTK_IM_MODULE environment variable is no longer needed by default. Indic Onscreen Keyboard
iok is an onscreen virtual keyboard for Indian languages, which allows input using Inscript keymap layouts and other 1:1 key mappings. For more information refer to the homepage:

4.4.4. Indic Collation Support

Fedora 11 includes sorting support for Indic languages. This support fixes listing and order of menus in these languages, representing them in sorted order and making it easy to find desired elements. These languages are covered by this support:
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Punjabi
  • Sindhi
  • Telugu

4.5. Multimedia

Fedora 11 ships with support for Ogg Vorbis, Theora, FLAC, and Speex, giving you the freedom to watch or listen to your media in a free format. Not only are they all open source but no codec that ships with Fedora contains any harmful patents or licensing fees.
MP3 and Flash
Because of patent issues Fedora can not ship with an MP3 decoder, however if you are unable to convert to a patent free codec, such as Ogg Vorbis, Fluendo offers an MP3 decoder that follows all legal requirements set by the patent holder. Visit Fluendo's website ( for more information.
Abode's Flash player is proprietary software and Fedora recommends installing either swfdec or gnash from the repositories.
Volume Control
An updated volume control manager application provides you with more control over your audio preferences. Better integrated with PulseAudio, you can now control individual application inputs and outputs along with the sources and destinations for the audio.
Using the new PulseAudio-based volume applet, there is no way to adjust ALSA sound levels. If they are set too low, raising the PulseAudio sound levels may not work acceptably. For this contingency, the old gstreamer-based volume application is also available by default. It is available under the name Advanced Volume Control, in the System>Preferences menu section. You will also need to use this application if you need to select an input channel for recording (for instance, line-in or mic-in).
For more information refer to

4.6. Games and Entertainment

Battle for Wesnoth (wesnoth) has been updated to the new 1.6 release.

4.7. Fedora Live Images

The Games Spin provides a Live DVD with a sampling of the best games available in Fedora.
For electronic designers, the Fedora Electronic Lab spin provides a complete toolchain for IC designers.
The Fedora Spins SIG ( is continuously developing specialized Live images for specific purposes.

5. Changes in Fedora for System Administrators

5.1. Fedora 11 Boot Time

To reduce boot time, the setroubleshootd daemon and several small bottlenecks were removed. Regressions in using the readahead service were removed by setting low I/O priorities. Readahead now profiles the system every time the RPM database changes.

5.2. Security

This section highlights various security items from Fedora.

5.2.1. Fingerprint Readers

Fingerprint readers are now better integrated with Fedora 11. GNOME users can easily setup fingerprint authentication using gnome-about-me, and will allow the ability to login from both gdm and gnome-screensaver.
For further details refer to the Configuring a fingerprint reader wiki page

5.2.2. DNSSEC

DNSSEC (DNS SECurity) is mechanism which provides integrity and authenticity of DNS data.

5.2.3. System Security Services Daemon

The SSSD is intended to provide several key feature enhancements to Fedora. The first being the addition of offline caching for network credentials. Authentication through the SSSD will potentially allow LDAP, NIS, and FreeIPA services to provide an offline mode, to ease the use of centrally managing laptop users.
The LDAP features will also add support for connection pooling. All communication to the ldap server will happen over a single persistent connection, reducing the overhead of opening a new socket for each request. The SSSD will also add support for multiple LDAP/NIS domains. It will be possible to connect to two or more LDAP/NIS servers acting as separate user namespaces.

5.2.4. SHA-2 support

Fedora now uses the SHA-256 digest algorithm for data verification and authentication in more places than before, migrating from the weaker SHA-1 and MD5 algorithms. Where possible, the migration was transparent; in other places the default configuration was changed or manual configuration is necessary to use the stronger algorithms.

5.3. Virtualization

Virtualization in Fedora 11 includes major changes, and new features, that continue to support KVM, Xen, and many other virtual machine platforms.

5.3.1. Improved VNC Authentication for Virtual Machine Management

Fedora 11 introduces the ability to use the SASL protocol for authenticating VNC connection to KVM and QEMU virtual machines. SASL is a pluggable system, allowing many different authentication mechanisms to be configured without changing the application code. The use of SASL, in combination with existing TLS encryption support, will allow clients like vinagre, virt-viewer and virt-manager to securely connect to remote virtual machine consoles hosted on Fedora servers. In environments where Kerberos is deployed, this further allows for secure single sign on to the VNC server. This new authentication capability obsoletes the traditional VNC password scheme which is not sufficiently secure.
For further details refer to the Virtualization VNC Authentication wiki page

5.3.2. Improved Graphical Console for Virtual Machines

Previous Fedora virtual guest consoles were limited to a screen resolution of 800x600, and the PS2 mouse pointer operated in relative coordinate mode. This prevented the guest pointer from tracking the local client pointer one for one.
Fedora 11 provides more accurate mouse pointer positioning and higher screen resolutions for virtual machine consoles. Fedora 11 guests default to a screen resolution of at least 1024x768, and are provided with a USB tablet in absolute coordinate mode. This results in a mouse pointer which tracks the local client pointer one for one.
For further details refer to the Improved Graphical Console for Virtual Guests wiki page

5.3.3. KVM PCI Device Assignment

Fedora 11 expands its virtualization capabilities to include KVM PCI device assignment support. KVM users can now give virtual machines exclusive access to physical PCI devices using Fedora's virtualization tools, including the Virtual Machine Manager application.


Hardware requirements: Intel VT-d or AMD IOMMU hardware platform support is required in order for this feature to be available.
For further details refer to the KVM PCI Device Assignment wiki page.

5.3.4. KVM and QEMU merge

QEMU provides a processor and system emulator which enables users to launch guest virtual machines of the same architecture as the host machine or of a dramatically different architecture. KVM provides kernel level support for running guests of the same architecture as the host.
QEMU takes advantage of KVM to run guests directly on the hardware without any translation needed by the host, allowing much higher levels of performance.
Fedora 11 includes a merge of the qemu and kvm RPMs. The kvm package is now obsoleted by pngqemu-kvm. The merging of the two code bases continues upstream, but the Fedora package maintainers have chosen to merge the packages now in order reduce the maintenance burden and provide better support.
For further details refer to the KVM and QEMU merge wiki page

5.3.5. SVirt Mandatory Access Control

Fedora 11 integrates SELinux's Mandatory Access Control with Virtualization. Virtual machines can now be much more effectively isolated from the host and one another, giving the increased assurance that security flaws cannot be exploited by malicious guests.
For further details refer to the SVirt Mandatory Access Control wiki page.

5.3.6. Offline Manipulation of Virtual Machines

libguestfs is a new library for accessing and modifying guest disk images. Using Linux kernel and QEMU code, libguestfs can access any type of guest filesystem that Linux and QEMU can.
The following tools are provided by libguestfs:
  • guestfish - Provides an interactive shell for editing virtual machine filesystems and executing commands in the context of the guest.
  • virt-inspector - Displays OS version, kernel, drivers, mount points, applications, etc. in a virtual machine.
  • Bindings for OCaml, Perl, Python, Ruby, and Java programming languages.
For further details refer to:

5.3.7. Other Improvements

Fedora also includes the following virtualization improvements: QEMU Updated to 0.10.0
QEMU is a generic and open source machine emulator and virtualizer.
When used as a machine emulator, QEMU can run OSes and programs made for one machine (e.g. an ARM board) on a different machine (e.g. your own PC). By using dynamic translation, it achieves very good performance.
When used as a virtualizer, QEMU achieves near native performance by executing the guest code directly on the host CPU. A host driver called the QEMU accelerator (also known as KQEMU) is needed in this case. The virtualizer mode requires that both the host and guest machine use x86 compatible processors.
New features and improvements since 0.9.1:
  • TCG support - No longer requires GCC 3.x
  • Kernel Virtual Machine acceleration support
  • BSD userspace emulation
  • Bluetooth emulation and host passthrough support
  • GDB XML register description support
  • Intel e1000 emulation
  • HPET emulation
  • VirtIO paravirtual device support
  • Marvell 88w8618 / MusicPal emulation
  • Nokia N-series tablet emulation / OMAP2 processor emulation
  • PCI hotplug support
  • Live migration and new save/restore formats
  • Curses display support
  • qemu-nbd utility to mount supported block formats
  • Altivec support in PPC emulation and new firmware (OpenBIOS)
  • Multiple VNC clients are now supported
  • TLS encryption is now supported in VNC
  • Many, many, bug fixes and new features
For further details refer to: KVM Updated to 84
KVM (for Kernel-based Virtual Machine) is a full virtualization solution for Linux on x86 hardware.
Using KVM, one can run multiple virtual machines running unmodified Linux or Windows images. Each virtual machine has private virtualized hardware: a network card, disk, graphics adapter, etc.
New features and improvements since 74 - For further details refer to: libvirt Updated to 0.6.1
The libvirt package provides an API and tools to interact with the virtualization capabilities of recent versions of Linux (and other OSes). The libvirt software is designed to be a common denominator among all virtualization technologies with support for the following:
  • The Xen hypervisor on Linux and Solaris hosts.
  • The QEMU emulator
  • The KVM Linux hypervisor
  • The LXC Linux container system
  • The OpenVZ Linux container system
  • Storage on IDE/SCSI/USB disks, FibreChannel, LVM, iSCSI, and NFS
New features and improvements since 0.4.6:
  • new APIs for Node device detach reattach and reset
  • sVirt mandatory access control support
  • thread safety of the API and event handling
  • allow QEmu domains to survive daemon restart
  • extended logging capabilities
  • support copy-on-write storage volumes
  • support of storage cache control options for QEmu/KVM
  • driver infrastructure and locking
  • Test driver infrastructure
  • parallelism in the daemon and associated config
  • virsh help cleanups
  • logrotate daemon logs
  • more regression tests
  • QEmu SDL graphics
  • add --version flag to daemon
  • memory consumption cleanup
  • QEmu pid file and XML states for daemon restart
  • gnulib updates
  • PCI passthrough for KVM
  • generic internal thread API
  • RHEL-5 specific Xen configure option and code
  • save domain state as string in status file
  • add locking to all API entry points
  • new ref counting APIs
  • IP address for Xen bridges
  • driver format for disk file types
  • improve QEmu/KVM tun/tap performances
  • enable floppies for Xen fully virt
  • support VNC password settings for QEmu/KVM
  • qemu driver version reporting
There were also dozens of cleanups, documentation enhancements, portability and bug fixes. For further details refer to: virt-manager Updated to 0.7.0
The virt-manager package provides a GUI implementation of virtinst and libvirt functionality.
New features and improvements since 0.6.0:
  • Redesigned 'New Virtual Machine' wizard
  • Option to remove storage when deleting a virtual machine.
  • File browser for libvirt storage pools and volumes, for use when attaching storage to a new or existing guest.
  • Physical device assignment (PCI, USB) for existing virtual machines.
  • VM disk and network stats reporting
  • VM Migration support
  • Support for adding sound devices to an existing VM
  • Enumerate host devices attached to an existing VM
  • Allow specifying a device model when adding a network device to an existing VM
  • Combine the serial console view with the VM Details window
  • Allow connection to multiple VM serial consoles
  • Bug fixes and many minor improvements.
For further details refer to: virtinst Updated to 0.400.3
The python-virtinst package contains tools for installing and manipulating multiple VM guest image formats.
New features and improvements since 0.400.0:
  • New virt-clone option --original-xml, allows cloning a guest from an XML file, rather than require an existing, defined guest.
  • New virt-install option --import, allows creating a guest from an existing disk image, bypassing any OS install phase.
  • New virt-install option --host-device, for connecting a physical host device to the guest.
  • Allow specifying cache value via virt-install--disk options
  • New virt-install option --nonetworks
  • Add virt-image to vmx format support to virt-convert, replacing virt-pack
  • Add disk checksum support to virt-image
  • Enhanced URL install support: Debian Xen paravirt, Ubuntu kernel and boot.iso, Mandriva kernel, and Solaris Xen Paravirt
  • Expanded test suite
  • Numerous bug fixes, cleanups, and improvements
For further details refer to: Xen Updated to 3.3.1
Fedora 11 supports booting as a domU guest, but will not function as a dom0 host until such support is provided in the upstream kernel. Support for a pv_ops dom0 is targeted for Xen 3.4.
Changes since 3.3.0:
Xen 3.3.1 is a maintenance release in the 3.3 series.
For further details refer to:

5.3.8. Xen Kernel Support

The kernel package in Fedora 11 supports booting as a guest domU, but will not function as a dom0 until such support is provided upstream. Work is ongoing and hopes are high that support will be included in kernel 2.6.30 and Fedora 12.
The most recent Fedora release with dom0 support is Fedora 8.
Booting a Xen domU guest within a Fedora 11 host requires the KVM based xenner. Xenner runs the guest kernel and a small Xen emulator together as a KVM guest.


KVM requires hardware virtualization features in the host system. Systems lacking hardware virtualization do not support Xen guests at this time.

5.4. Web and Content Servers

The httpd server has been updated to version 2.2.11. This is primarily a bugfix release and no configuration changes should be required.
The wordpress package has been updated to 2.7.1. This is a major update and includes a number of new features such as sticky posts, a one-click plugin install and comment threading, plus many others.
See the Wordpress feature page at for complete information.
The moin package has been updated to 1.8.2. Users should review the files in /usr/share/doc/moin-1.8.2/*. The CHANGES file lists changes, UPDATE describes how to update. README.migration describes how to migrate your existing data.

5.5. Mail Servers

Fedora 11 includes version 1.1.11 of the dovecot mail server. This is a bugfix release. For a complete list of changes, refer to

5.6. Database Servers

Fedora includes both the MySQL and PostgreSQL database servers.
MySQL has been updated to 5.1.31.
Fedora 11 includes version 8.3.6 of postgreSQL. A dump/restore is not required for those running 8.3.X. However, it is recommended to REINDEX all GiST indexes after the upgrade.

5.7. File Servers

vsftpd 2.1.0 is included in Fedora 11. This update includes enhanced SSL support and a number of fixes. A detailed change log may be found at

5.8. Samba (Windows Compatibility)

This section contains information related to Samba, the suite of software Fedora uses to interact with Microsoft Windows systems.
samba 3.3.1 is the latest bugfix release for Samba. Major enhancements in Samba 3.3.1 include:
  • Fix net ads join when "ldap ssl = start tls".
  • Fix renaming/deleting of files using Windows clients.
  • Fix renaming/deleting a "not matching/resolving" symlink.
  • Fix remotely adding a share via the Windows MMC.
system-config-samba has been updated to version 1.2.71.

5.9. System Daemons

Power Management
In order to allow users to monitor the behavior of their systems and to improve power consumption in general, several improvements were done for Fedora 11:
  • Provide two new systemtap scripts to monitor disk and network activity of running applications
  • Add a workload framework package called BLTK to offer reproducible tests
  • Improved applications to reduce unnecessary disk and/or network activity
  • Enabled several new features to save power:
    • relatime option for root filesystem /
    • Automated start/stop of services related to hardware
    • Enable USB autosuspend for known working devices
    • Add optional tuned service to dynamically adapt system settings to the current use
Users of Fedora 11 should therefore see a reduction in power usage of their system.
The pm-utils power management utilities have been updated to 1.2.4. Some improvements have been made in logging and configuration.
mdadm has been updated to 3.0. The significant change which justifies the new major version number is that mdadm can now handle metadata updates entirely in userspace. This allows mdadm to support metadata formats that the kernel knows nothing about.
Currently two such metadata formats are supported:
  • DDF - The SNIA standard format
  • Intel Matrix - The metadata used by recent Intel ICH controllers.
Also the approach to device names has changed significantly.
ntfs-3g has been updated to 2009.2.1 (from 1.5012). There are many changes in this new driver; see the upstream's release history at for complete details.
The pm-utils power management utilities have been updated to 1.2.4. Some improvements have been made in logging and configuration.

5.10. File Systems

5.10.1. Ext4 - The default file system

Fedora 11 utilizes ext4 as the default file system. ext4 brings significant new features and performance enhancements including:
  • Improvements in file systems and sizes
    • File system size increased to one exabyte (1 EiB)
    • File size limit is sixteen terabytes (16 TiB)
    • No limit on number of sub-directories
  • Performance
    • Extents increase performance in certain situations, especially large files
    • Multiblock allocation is a new file block allocation method with faster write speed
    • These combine with delayed allocation of blocks for better performance and fragmentation Buffered Data Loss Mitigation
The recent news about buffered data loss experienced during a system crash with ext4 has resulted in upstream, and thus F11, flushing file data on a truncate or rename to mitigate this issue. Migration from ext3 to ext4
It is generally recommended that users wishing to make use of ext4 start with a freshly formatted partition. However you may install with the ext4migrate boot option if you wish to convert your legacy ext3 partitions to ext4. Users are cautioned that they will not realize many of the benefits ext4 since the data currently residing on the partition will not make use of extents. New data will make use of extents. Please note that as suggested by the requirement to pass a boot option that migration to ext4 has not been heavily tested and users are urged to backup filesystems before attempting migration No grub support
Currently grub doesn't support booting from an ext4 partition so make sure to utilize ext2/3 for /boot

5.10.2. btrfs - next-generation Linux filesystem

Fedora 11 makes btrfs, the next-generation Linux filesystem available as a technology preview. To enable btrfs pass icantbelieveitsnotbtr as a boot potion. Users are warned that btrfs is still experimental and under heavy development. The on-disk format may yet change and much functionality is still missing such as a fully operative fsck or even proper out-of-space handling. No grub support
Currently grub doesn't support booting from a btrfs partition so make sure to utilize ext2/3 for /boot

5.11. X Window System (Graphics)

This section contains information related to the X Window System implementation, X.Org, provided with Fedora.

5.11.1. X server

The key combination Ctrl+Alt+Backspace to kill the X server has been disabled by default as a decision of the upstream Xorg project. You can change the default by adding the following section to your xorg.conf file. If one does not exist, you can create it manually at /etc/X11/xorg.conf using a text editor and Xorg will honor that setting.
Section "ServerFlags"
Option "DontZap" "false"

If you use kickstart or want to use scripts to change this setting automatically across multiple systems, you can use the following snippet:

grep -q -s DontZap /etc/X11/xorg.conf
if [ $append -ne 0 ]; then
  cat >> /etc/X11/xorg.conf << EOF
  Section "ServerFlags"
  Option "DontZap" "false"


The Xorg project has changed the default DontZap setting to "true" after complaints from desktop users that accidentally hit Ctrl+Alt+Backspace when trying to type Alt+Backspace, Ctrl+Backspace, or Shift+Backspace, or who had StickyKeys enabled. Ctrl+Alt+Backspace is also a keyboard shortcut for deleting certain expressions in C and Java modes in Emacs.

5.11.2. Third-party Video Drivers

Refer to the Xorg third-party drivers page for detailed guidelines on using third-party video drivers:

5.12. HA Cluster Infrastructure

This section highlights changes and additions to the clustering tools in Fedora 10.

5.12.1. New Features

This section details new high-availability clustering information.
  • The Corosync Cluster Engine
    • Plug-in based cluster engine using the virtual synchrony communication model
      • Well considered plugin model and plugin API
      • Ultra-high performance messaging, up to 300k messages/second to a group of 32 nodes for service engine developers.
      • Provides most services for service engine developers
      • Standard on many other Linux distributions for portable application development.
      • Works with mixed 32/64 bit user applications, 32/64 bit big and little endian support.
      • Full IPv4 and IPv6 support
    • Provides the following plug-in service engines and C APIs
      • Closed Process Group Communication C API for cluster communication
      • Extended Virtual Synchrony passthrough C API for cluster communications at a lower level.
      • Runtime Configuration Database C API for cluster configuration
      • Configuration C API for runtime cluster operations
      • Quorum engine C API for providing information related to quorum
    • Reusable C libraries or headers tuned for high performance and quality
      • Totem Single Ring and Redundant Ring Multicast Protocol library
      • Shared memory IPC library with sync and async communications models usable by other projects
      • logsys flight recorder which allows logging and tracing of complex applications and records state in core files or at user command library
      • 64 bit handle to data block mapping with handle verification header
  • The openais Standards Based Cluster Framework which provides an implementation of the Service Availability Forum Application Interface Specification to provide high availability through application clustering:
    • Packaging and design changes
      • All core features from openais related to clustering merged into The Corosync Cluster Engine.
      • openais modified to work as plugins to the Corosync Cluster Engine
    • Provides implementation of various Service Availability Forum AIS Specifications as corosync service engines and C APIs:
      • Cluster Membership Service B.01.01
      • Checkpoint Service B.01.01
      • Event Service B.01.01
      • Message Service B.01.01
      • Distributed Lock Service B.01.01
      • Timer Service A.01.01
      • Experimental Availability Management Framework B.01.01
  • cluster is now based on both corosync and openais and offers:
    • pluggable configuration mechanism:
      • XML (default)
        • Configuration schema updated moved from Conga to cluster
      • LDAP
      • corosync/openais file format
    • Cluster manager (cman):
      • Now runs as part of corosync
      • Provides quorum to all corosync subsystems
      • Enhanced configuration-free running
      • Better handling of configuration updates
      • Quorum disk (optional) now supports mixed-endian clusters
    • fence / fence agents:
      • Improved daemon logging options
      • New operation 'list' that prints aliases with port numbers
      • Support for new devices and firmware: LPAR HMC v3, Cisco MDS, interfaces MIB (ifmib)
      • Fence agents produce resource-agent style metadata
      • Support for 'unfence' operation on boot
    • rgmanager:
      • Better handling of configuration updates
      • Uses same logging configuration as the rest of the cluster stack
    • clvmd:
      • Run-time switchable between cman or corosync/dlm cluster interfaces

5.12.2. Packaging Changes

A lot of effort has been expended to cleanup the packages and to make them as complete, intuitive and modular as possible, allowing also external entities to reuse most of the infrastructure without the requirement to pull the whole stack in.
With the new package reorganization, users will find it easier to update their cluster. The introduction of fence-agent and resource agent packages will avoid the pain for users to restart cluster nodes for simple script updates.

6. Changes in Fedora for Developers

6.1. Development

This section covers various development tools and features.

6.2. Runtime

Backwards Comparibility
Fedora provides legacy system libraries for compatibility with older software. This software is part of the Legacy Software Development group, which is not installed by default. Users who require this functionality may select this group either during installation or after the installation process is complete. To install the package group on a Fedora system, use Applications > Add/Remove Software or enter the following command in a terminal window:
	    su -c 'yum groupinstall "Legacy Software Development"'

Enter the password for the root account when prompted.
Fedora 11 includes bash 4.0. This is a significant upgrade with new features.
Fedora 11 includes gcc 4.4, and with it, libgcc 4.4. This may require recompiling your programs.
DBus Policy
Previous releases of Fedora shipped with a security policy for the DBus system bus that was unintentionally permissive (see CVE-2008-4311). In Fedora 11, the policy has been changed to deny method calls by default.

6.3. Tools

The following packages are new or updated for Fedora 11:

6.3.1. Appliance Tools

The ace suite of appliance tools has been upgraded to version 0.0.6, including ace, ace-apache, ace-banners, ace-basic-site, ace-mysql, ace-php, ace-postgres, and ace-ssh.

6.3.2. Languages

clisp (Common Lisp) has been updated to 2.47. There are a number of changes, please review the project's site (
The gcc compiler suite has been updated to 4.4.0 including gcc, gcc-c++, gcc-gfortran, gcc-gnat, and gcc-objc.

Some of the changes involve syntax changes that have the potential to break existing code.

Please review the NEWS files at carefully before upgrading.
GNU Common Lisp is updated to 2.68pre. This long awaited release fixes a great many bugs. Project site:
Fast and portable implementation of the ANS Forth language.
Fedora 11 includes version 0.7.0 of gforth.
There are a large number of changes to gforth in this release. A developer is strongly encouraged to view the project site before proceeding.
GNU Prolog has been updated to version 1.3.1. The changes since 1.3.0 are largely of a bug fix nature. The programmer may wish to review the NEWS file at
The Intel Advanced Configuration and Power Interface compiler has been upgraded to version 20090123. This is the first update since 2006 and a number of functions have changed names. The developer should review before proceeding.
Fedora 11 now includes the MinGW compiler. This is a major new feature allowing developers to build application for Microsoft Windows and Linux from the same source code.
The nasm package has been upgraded from 2.03.01 to 2.05.01. This change involves a large number of bug fixes as well as the addition of a number of new directives. Refer to the project's change list at for complete details.
Some of the highlights in release 3.11 are:
  • The Dynlink library is now available in native code on some platforms.
  • ocamldebug is now supported under Windows (MSVC and Mingw ports) but without the replay feature. (Contributed by Dmitry Bely and Sylvain Le Gall at OCamlCore with support from Lexifi.)
  • New port: MacOS X, AMD/Intel, 64 bits.
For more information, please consult the comprehensive list of changes at
The Edinburgh compatible Prolog compiler has been updated to 5.7.6. In addition to a number of bugfixes, enhancements include faster labeling for complex optimization expressions, improvements in handling additional dialects, smarter loading of libraries and extensions to YAP compatibility. Project site:
Version 1.0.25 of Steel Bank Common Lisp includes a large number of enhancements and fixes over the previous 1.0.21 version. Refer to for a complete list.
Version 6.0 of ucblogo fixes a problem with the PowerPC.
Complete rewrite of the NASM assembler. Changes from 0.7.1 to 0.7.2:
  • Add PIC support to 64-bit Mach-O.
  • Add --prefix and --suffix options for naming globals.
  • Make rel foo wrt ..gotpc generate GOTPCREL in elf64 (alias for rel foo wrt ..gotpcrel).
  • Add support for newly specified AVX/AES instructions not in original spec.
  • Remove invalid 256-bit form of VPBLENDVB.
  • Optimize non-strict push with 66h override to byte size if possible.
  • Fix address printing in bin map file.
  • Fix GAS syntax handling of no section flags.
  • Name the absolute symbol in coff/win32/win64 output.
  • Miscellaneous other fixes.

6.3.3. Debug tools

Version 0.9.4 of alleyoop is a minor bugfix update.
The version of gdb included in Fedora (Archer) contains patches and modifications not in the upstream GDB. Notable changes from upstream include:
  • gdb can debug programs compiled with -fpie.
  • gdb can be scripted using Python. This is used to support the new type-specific pretty-printing feature.
  • gdb lazily reads debug info, resulting in faster startup when the debugee uses many shared libraries.
  • A new catch syscall command has been added. This will cause gdb to stop your program when a syscall is entered or exited.
  • C++ debugging support has been improved. The expression parser handles more cases correctly, and gdb can now properly handle exceptions thrown during an inferior function call.

Consider the Python API to be unstable

The Python API to gdb is still under development. We cannot currently guarantee that future revisions to the API will remain compatible.
Stand-alone memory tester for x86 and x86-64 computers updated to 2.10. Enhancements in v2.10 :
  • Added support for Intel Core i7 (Nehalem) CPU
  • Added support for Intel Atom Processors
  • Added support for Intel G41/G43/G45 Chipsets
  • Added support for Intel P43/P45 Chipsets
  • Added support for Intel US15W (Poulsbo) Chipset
  • Added support for Intel EP80579 (Tolapai) SoC CPU
  • Added support for ICH10 Southbridge (SPD/DMI)
  • Added detection for Intel 5000X
  • Now fully aware of CPU w/ L3 cache (Core i7 & K10)
  • Added workaround for DDR3 DMI detection
  • Fixed Intel 5000Z chipset detection
  • Fixed Memory Frequency on AMD K10
  • Fixed cache detection on C7/Isaiah CPU
  • Fix Memtest86+ not recognized as Linux Kernel
In addition to some bug fixes, 0.6.4 of nemiver now allows setting breakpoints even when it cannot get the current source editor.
The pylint 0.16.0 package includes a number of bug fixes and minor enhancements. Refer to the project site at for complete details.
3.4.0 is a feature release with many significant improvements and the usual collection of bug fixes. This release supports X86/Linux, AMD64/Linux, PPC32/Linux, and PPC64/Linux. Support for recent distros (using gcc 4.4, glibc 2.8 and 2.9) has been added. Refer to the complete valgrind release notes at

6.3.4. Documentation Tools

The colordiff package has been updated to 1.08a. Changes (from the project website) include: Support for numeric colours added, for 256-colour terminals (thanks to Gautam Iyer). Diff-types can now be specified explicitly, for use when diff-type detection doesn't work or isn't possible. Return diff's exit code, patch from Tim Connors. Allow extraneous diff text to be coloured separately.
The new doxygen 1.5.8 includes a completely rewritten doxywizard, enhanced extension mapping, support for Vietnamese and better support for Turkish. In addition there are numerous bug fixes as outlined in
Version 2.7 of highlight includes (from
  • improved XML- and VHDL highlighting
  • added support for Clojure
  • added wrapping arrows in LaTeX output
Version 4.13 of texinfo includes a reference card, better support for HTML, and support for multibyte character sets. For full details, see the project site:

6.3.5. IDEs and Editors

Release 22.3 of emacs is primarily concerned with cleaning out old/obsolete features. Refer to the NEWS file ( for full details.
Fedora 11 includes version 4.3.0 of the eric Python IDE. Refer to for full details.
The ipython 0.9.1 version is included, an update from 0.8.4. This is a major release. Refer to for the full story.
The updated monodevelop 1.9.2 includes a large number of new features. You can review these features at
This is a bugfix release.

6.3.6. Issue and Bug Tracking Tools

The mantis package has been upgraded to 1.1.6. "This release fixes once and for all the caching troubles from previous stable releases, some access permissions bugs, and a few various other issues. This release also improves the existing source control integration by allowing remote checkins." For a complete list of all other changes refer to
0.11.3 of trac contains a number of new features, including a new template engine for generating content, new configurable workflow, and finer grained control of permissions.
The trac-mercurial-plugin package works with the trac 0.11 release, and provides added features including quickjump to a tag or branch, blame support, and custom property renderers.

6.3.7. Lexical and Parsing Tools

Fedora 11 includes version 2.4.1 of bison. This is a minor upgrade.

6.3.8. Make and Build Tools

Improvements in automake 1.10.2 include:
  • Changes to Libtool support:
    • The distcheck command works with Libtool 2.x even when LT_OUTPUT is used, as is removed correctly now.
  • Miscellaneous changes:
    • The manual is now distributed under the terms of the GNU FDL 1.3.
    • When the automake --add-missing command causes the COPYING file to be installed, it will also warn that the license file should be added to source control.
In addition a few bugs were fixed.
The cmake has been upgraded to version 2.6.3. This update includes many bug fixes. For a complete list visit
Fedora 11 includes version 1.78 of cpanspec. In addition to a number of bug fixes, there are some additional command line options.
meld 1.2.1:
  • Pygtk version 2.8 now required.
  • Port to gtk.UIManager.
  • Handle spaces in Subversion paths.
  • Command-line auto-compare all option on startup.
  • Command-line can launch several comparisons.
  • Several UI tweaks (better focus behavior, better defaults.)
Version 0.3.1 includes a number of minor enhancements and bug fixes.

6.3.9. Revision Control Tools

The bzr package has been upgraded to 1.12 which includes a large number of new features and bug fixes over the 1.7 version in Fedora 10. The bzr user is encouraged to visit the project's webpage at to review these improvements.
The cvs2svn package has been updated to 2.2.0. In addition to bugfixes, there are a large number of new features. Visit for the details.
Version 2.2.0 of darcs includes a number of new features in addition to a number of bugfixes. Refer to the changelog at
Most important changes in 0.4.90:
  • The user interface has been cleaned up dramatically.
  • The file browsing view was restored and has annotation support now.
  • The compact view is gone.
  • There are the basics of a plugin system now.
  • The revision view shows avatars retrieved from Gravatar.
The git package has been updated to 1.6.2. In addition to other changes, the Fedora packages now follow upstream defaults and install the majority of git-* commands outside the default PATH. If you have scripts that call git-* binaries, you are encouraged to change them to use the git foo style. If this is not feasible, you can adjust your PATH. Git provides a convenient method to do this:
	    PATH=$(git --exec-path):$PATH

It is worth noting that git hooks are run with $(git --exec-path) in their PATH.
Version 1.1.2 is included in Fedora 11 with a large number of new features. Refer to the release notes for mercurial at
In addition to a number of bugfixes, the new monotone 0.42 includes the following changes:
  • The output of automate show_conflicts has been changed; a default resolution for file content conflicts and user resolutions for other conflict types has been added. directory_loop_created changed to directory_loop.
  • The French, Brazilian-Portuguese, and Japanese translations were outdated and thus have been removed from the distribution. In case you care about them and want them back, drop us a note at
... and the following new features:
  • New mtn ls duplicates command which lets you list duplicated files in a given revision or the workspace.
  • New option --no-workspace, to make monotone ignore any workspace it might have been run in.
  • New command group mtn conflicts * provides asynchronous conflict resolutions for merge and propagate.
  • New automate file_merge command which runs the internal line merger on two files from two revisions and outputs the result.
  • New automate lua command to call lua functions over automate, similar to monotone hooks. This is particularly useful to get user defaults, like ignorable files, branch keys and passwords, which are managed through one or more monotonerc files.
  • New automate read_packets command that reads data packets like public keys similar to mtn read.
  • The merge and propagate commands accept user commit messages; the merge rev rev or propagate branch branch message will be prefixed to the user message. --no-prefix removes the prefix.
User-visible changes in 1.5.5:
  • Allow prop commits on dirs with modified children.
  • Make Cyrus auth implementation always prefer EXTERNAL to ANONYMOUS.
  • Do not create mergeinfo for wc-wc moves or copies
  • Do not autoupgrade old BDB filesystems to 1.5 or 1.4 format
  • Return mergeinfo to prior state during reverse merges
  • Remove mergeinfo deleted by merge
  • Make proxy slaves pass through txn GET and PROPFIND requests
  • Merge can now use targets with inconsistent newlines2
  • Don't allow empty-string changelists
  • Remove false positive ra_neon mergeinfo errors
  • Improve performance of svn merge --reintegrate
  • Fixed: foreign merges keep UUID of foreign repository
  • Fixed: properly encode diff headers used in conflict resolution
  • Fixed: segfault in svn cp --parents
  • Fixed: mergeinfo for '...' maps to empty revision range
  • Fixed: segfault in BDB backend node-origins cache
  • Fixed: broken merge if target's history includes resurrections
  • Fixed: invalid mergeinfo created on a subtree during merge
The svn2cl package has been updated to 0.11. Changes since release 0.10:
  • Small portability improvements.
  • Fix for OpenBSD's ksh.
Changes in version 8.2:
  • The Branch Browser can now draw merge arrows for merges tracked by Subversion 1.5's mergeinfo property and CVSNT's mergepoint feature. The work-around of using tags is no longer necessary, if your Subversion or CVSNT server and client support their own merge tracking.
  • The Branch Browser has a new search ability, so you can highlight a revision on the diagram by its version, date, tag, or author.
  • The Log button in the Branch Browser always produces a full log of revisions on the selected branch instead of inappropriately following the Directory Browser's "Log Detail" setting.
  • If your SVN repository has a structure that's functionally similar to trunk, branches, and tags but with different names, you can tell TkCVS about it by setting variables in tkcvs_def.tcl:
    • cvscfg(svn_trunkdir)
    • cvscfg(svn_branchdir)
    • cvscfg(svn_tagdir)

6.3.10. Other Development Tools

The AMQP specification has been updated to 1.0.738618 reflecting recent work on the specification. Project site:
The binutils package has been updated to This is a minor update, refer to
coccinelle (spatch)
The coccinelle package enables semantic patches to be written for C code, particularly Linux kernel patches.
Refer to the LWN article about semantic patching ( and the Coccinelle home page (
In addition to a few bugfixes, the following changes have been made:
  • Modified cpp command to redirect stderr to /dev/null if -q option is given, for consistency with the non-cpp mode
  • Added configure --disable-leaks option.
  • Use configure macro CF_XOPEN_SOURCE macro to make mkstemp() prototyped on Linux.
  • Removed isascii() usage.
The elfutils package has been updated to 0.140 (from 0.137). In addition to a number of bug fixes, it adds Intel SSE4 disassembler support and automatic decompression of ELF files. For the full story, refer to the NEWS file at
Fedora 11 includes libtool 2.2.6, which is a complete rewrite of the version 1.5 in Fedora 10. The upstream project has released a number of interim versions that were not reflected in Fedora. For a complete history, refer to
The livecd-tools version 021 includes a number of bug fixes and corrects some oversights, including support for ext4 filesystems and creating large ISOs using UDF.
Version 2.6.8 of mcrypt is largely a source code cleanup and should not affect functionality. Refer to the NEWS file for details.
scons 1.2.0 is a minor upgrade to 1.0.0. Refer to for a detailed list of changes.
Version 1.46 includes the following changes:
  • There is a new option for the --x-e-length filters, they can now accept a width, and this is divided into the byte length, so that you can insert the length in units of words (2) or longs (4).
  • Some small corrections have been made to the documentation.
  • The -minimum and -maximum options have been renamed -minimum-address and -maximum-address, to avoid a command line grammar syntax problem.
The swig package connects C/C++/Objective C to some high-level programming languages. Fedora 11 includes version 1.3.38 with a number of changes:
  • Enhancement to directors to wrap all protected members.
  • Optimization feature for objects returned by value.
  • A few bugs fixes in the PHP, Java, Ruby, R, C#, Python, Lua, and Perl modules.
  • Other minor generic bug fixes.
Project site:
The translate-toolkit has been updated to 1.3.0. There are a large number of changes that affect specific languages. Refer to the ChangeLog file for full details.

6.4. Java

6.4.1. netbeans

netbeans has been updated to version 6.5. netbeans 6.5 is a significant update of netbeans 6.1 and includes the following changes:
  • PHP support with code completion, Xdebug and web service features.
  • JavaFX 1.0 supports animation, graphics and media codecs for rich content application development.
  • New Support for Groovy and Grails.
  • Improved JavaScript, AJAX and Ruby support.
  • Automatic Compile and Deploy on Save for Java and Java EE applications.
  • Improved database support: SQL history, SQL completion, and results viewing and editing improvements.
  • Improved Java ME support for Data Binding, SVG and Custom Component creation.
  • GUI Builder: Support for Nimbus and simple class names.
  • JUnit: single test method support.
  • Debugger: Redesign of Step into feature.
For information about the main development features in NetBeans IDE, see:

6.5. Eclipse

The eclipse package has been updated to 3.4.2. Along with this update, many plugins and tools have also been updated. These are largely bugfix updates and with a few exceptions, users should not see any differences.
Users should visit the Eclipse web site at for the latest news on Eclipse.
Version 1.2.1 of eclipse-phpeclipse corrects a problem with word selection. Refer to
The pydev-mylyn has been updated to 1.4.4. See for details.

6.6. Haskell

The Fedora Haskell SIG has been busy updating Haskell packages and our Packaging Guidelines. The new guidelines and cabal2spec now make it very easy to package Haskell Cabal packages for Fedora.
For Fedora 11 the various packages have been updated to new versions including ghc-6.10.1, darcs-2.2.0, and ghc-gtk2hs-0.10.0. Newly added packages include cabal-install, cpphs, ghc-HTTP, ghc-paths, ghc-zlib.
There is also a new #fedora-haskell IRC channel on Freenode for discussion.

6.7. Embedded Development

Fedora 11 includes a range of packages to support development of embedded applications on various targets. There is broad support for the AVR and related parts as well as for the Microchip PIC. In addition, there are packages to support development on older, less popular parts such as the Z80, 8051, and others. For a more complete description refer to Packages for embedded development on the wiki .
Fedora 11 includes version 5.1 of dfu-programmer, a command-line programmer for Atmel (8051 & AVR) chips with a USB bootloader supporting ISP. A command line option was added to support the AVR32 trampoline. All known Atmel USB AVR/8051/AVR32 devices are now supported.

6.8. Backwards Compatibility

Fedora provides legacy system libraries for compatibility with older software. This software is part of the Legacy Software Development group, which is not installed by default. Users who require this functionality may select this group either during installation or after the installation process is complete. To install the package group on a Fedora system, use ApplicationsAdd/Remove Software or enter the following command in a terminal window:
      su -c 'yum groupinstall "Legacy Software Development"'
Enter the password for the root account when prompted.

6.9. Linux Kernel

This section covers changes and important information regarding the 2.6.29 based kernel in Fedora 11.

6.9.1. Improved Performance and Reduced Power with relatime

The relatime option is now enabled by default in Fedora 11. It improves filesystem performance and reduces power consumption.
The POSIX standard requires operating systems to keep track of the last time each file was accessed by an application or the user, and to store this timestamp as part of the filesystem data. This timestamp, called atime, is used in finding out which files are never used (to clean up the /tmp directory for example) or if a file has been looked at after it was last changed.
A significant downside to atime is that every time a file is accessed, the kernel has to write a new timestamp to the disk, at least after a few seconds of activity. These disk writes keep the disk and the link to the disk busy, which costs both performance and power.
Because some programs use atime, disabling by default is not practical. The Linux kernel has a feature called relatime, which is an effective compromise between having some of the information that atime provides, without having the disk time updated as regularly. It works by updating the atime field on disk only if the file hasn't been accessed since the last time it was accessed (to provide the new email detection capability) or when the last access was more than 1 day ago (to help programs and users clean up unused files in the /tmp directory). An improved version of relatime has been merged upstream by Fedora developers in the 2.6.30 kernel and backported to the Fedora 11 kernel.

6.9.2. Version

Fedora may include additional patches to the kernel for improvements, bug fixes, or additional features. For this reason, the Fedora kernel may not be line-for-line equivalent to the so-called vanilla kernel from the web site:
To obtain a list of these patches, download the source RPM package and run the following command against it:
rpm -qpl kernel-<version>.src.rpm

6.9.3. Changelog

To retrieve a log of changes to the package, run the following command:
rpm -q --changelog kernel-<version>
If you need a user friendly version of the changelog, refer to A short and full diff of the kernel is available from The Fedora version kernel is based on the Linus tree.
Customizations made for the Fedora version are available from

6.9.4. Preparing for Kernel Development

Fedora 11 does not include the kernel-source package provided by older versions since only the kernel-devel package is required now to build external modules.

Custom Kernel Building

For information on kernel development and working with custom kernels, refer to

6.9.5. Reporting Bugs

Refer to for information on reporting bugs in the Linux kernel. You may also use for reporting bugs that are specific to Fedora.

7. Changes in Fedora for Specific Audiences

7.1. What's new in science and mathematics

Fedora 11 includes a range of packages for science and mathematics. The following packages have been updated for Fedora 11.

7.1.1. Mathematics

freefem++ is a finite element analysis package which has been updated to 3.0.
  • complete change of the graphical interface (freefem++ replaced freefem++-nw)
  • added medit (visualization software by P. Frey) inside freefem++ under the name ffmedit
  • the IDE version is gone until Antoine Le Hyaric writes a good one. Refer to:
  • introduced client-server architecture freefem++
  • ffglut visualizer using glut library
Full upstream changelog is here:

7.1.2. Chemistry

gabedit is a GUI for a number of computational chemistry packages. Highlights of version 2.1.17 include:
  • full undo/redo for geometry changes
  • full control over displayed bonds
  • support for reading connectivities from gabedit, hin, pdb, mol2 and mol files
  • molecular dynamics conformational searches using MM potential (Amber 99) and Semi-Empirical method (from Open Mopac or PCGamess)
  • migration from GDK drawing functions to Cairo
  • geometry and plots can be exported to EPS, PS, PDF, or SVG formats
For complete details see the upstream changelog at:

7.2. Electronic Design Automation

Fedora Electronic Lab is Fedora's high-end hardware design and simulation platform. This platform provides different hardware design flows based on the semiconductor industry's current trend. FEL maps in three methodologies {design, simulation, and verification} with open source EDA software.
The latest methodology included on FEL platform is the means for verifications and debugging for digital based designs.
The Perl modules included for F11 bring a new methodology under the Fedora umbrella. This methodology is verification together with possibilities for co-simulation based design and simulation. Fedora remains the sole Linux distribution distributing FEL methodologies for hardware design, simulation, and verification.
Updates of the existing RPM packages have improved design experience in terms of development time and debugging. While FEL understands Moore's Law is important for its userbase, these improvements allow users to design a more efficient and successful design with open source software.
These enhancements brought to the Fedora umbrella increase chances that Fedora users can complete their high-end hardware design even if scaled to 90nm and wrap up their project with final tapeout.
FEL bridges 2 different open source communities :
  • open source software community
  • open source hardware community
After 3 consecutive and successive releases, FEL/Fedora is regarded as the leader in this field by both communities due to its 3-years of experience and quality EDA solutions.
Below entails the highlights of the major development items to put the quality barrier higher than the previous releases:
  • Perl modules to extend vhdl and verilog support. These Perl modules together with rawhide's gtkwave improves chip testing support.
  • Introduction of Verilog-AMS modeling into ngspice
  • Improved VHDL debugging support with gcov.
  • Improved support for re-usable HDL packages as IP core
  • Improved PLI support on both iverilog and ghdl
  • Introduction of C-based methodologies for HDL testbenches and models.
  • Improved co-simulation based hardware design.
  • Introduction of design tools for DSP design flow
Users are using the standard Fedora Live media or the "Electronic Lab" yum group to deploy this high-end hardware design, simulation, and verification platform. To install run the following command:
    su -c "yum groupinstall 'Electronic Lab'"

7.3. What's new for amateur radio operators

Fedora 11 includes a number of applications and libraries that are of interest to amateur radio operators and electronic hobbyists. Many of these applications are included in the Fedora Electronic Lab spin. For a complete list of amateur radio applications available within Fedora see Applications for amateur radio on the wiki.

7.3.1. Sound card applications

Fedora 11 includes version 3.10 of fldigi. Changes from Fedora 10 include many enhancements to the waterfall and logging, along with dozens of minor changes to the user interface and bug fixes. For a complete list of changes see the upstream project's site at
Version 1.9 of xfhell includes some improvements in handling the PTT line and additional flexibility in adjusting window sizes, as well as some bug fixes. The project's site is at
soundmodem is now back in Fedora. soundmodem 0.10 provides a way to use your sound card as a modem for digital applications such as AX.25. The upstream's project page is
HamFax 0.54 is new to Fedora. HamFax is an application for sending and receiving facsimiles in amateur radio and for receiving public facsimile broadcasts like weather maps. Supported interfaces are sound cards and the SCS-PTCII from Special Communication Systems.
wxapt is a console application for decoding and saving weather images transmitted in the APT format of NOAA and METEOR satellites. wxapt is a new addition to Fedora.

7.3.2. Software Defined Radio

gnuradio has been updated to version 3.1.3. This is largely a bugfix update.

7.3.3. Circuit Design and Simulation

The gEDA suite has been updated to 20081231. This includes the packages geda-docs, geda-examples, geda-gattrib, geda-gnetlist, geda-gschem, geda-gsymcheck, geda-symbols and geda-utils. These are all bugfix releases. In addition, gerbv, pcb, and ngspice are a part of the gEDA suite, but released separately.
gerbv 2.1.0 includes improvements to object selection, improved exporting, and more flexibility in dealing with drill files. The complete release notes for this package can be found at
pcb has been updated to 20081128. Included among the improvements is a new 'Ben mode' that exports a 'photograph' of the board as a .png file. There are also some minor improvements in drill handling and a number of bug fixes. The complete release notes for this version are available at
ngspice has been updated to version 18. Changes include:
  • Tclspice simulator library has been merged with ngspice. Now you can compile ngspice or tclspice by asserting a configure switch. See README.tcl
  • New options have been introduced: brief, listing, autostop and scale
  • Support for .lib file has been introduced. This allows the use of third party model libraries in ngspice.
  • .measure statements: avg, integ, rms, max, min, delay, param
  • .global statements t support for global nodes whose name is not expanded when flattening the netlist.
  • .func macros for inlining functions into netlists
  • Improved the numparam library to support fully parametrized netlists.
  • BSIM model binning.
  • new multi-input gate VCVS using XSPICE extensions.
iverliog has been updated to 0.9.20081118. This is largely a bugfix update.

7.3.5. Antenna Modeling

Fedora includes nec2c, the powerful antenna modeling program, and xnec2c which provides a graphical user interface to nec2c. Both of these packages have been updated to version 1.2 in Fedora 11. The changes are minor bugfixes. Project site:

7.3.7. Other applications

Fedora 11 includes version 1.28 of hamlib. There are a large number of new models supported and fixes to support for existing models. There are a number of new commands. See the project's website at for complete details.
The DX cluster client xdx has been updated to 2.4.1. This is a bugfix update
xdemorse has been updated to 1.3. This is a bugfix update.
ssbd (Single-Side Band daemon) is voice keyer for hamradio use. It's written as part of Tucnak, contest log for VHF contests, but is possible to use ssbd with any other program. ssbd is new to Fedora with this release.
gpsman has been updated to 6.4. See the details at
splat-utils has been removed from Fedora and the contents included in the splat package. It is no longer necessary to install splat-utils to use splat.

B. Revision History

Revision History
Revision 1.5Fri May 22 2009Rüdiger Landmann
Re-add Common bugs section
Add libguestfs
Revision 1.4Mon May 18 2009Rüdiger Landmann
Update Volume Control
Fix XML table glitch in I18n section
Add moin update
Link to wiki page on fingerprint readers
Add Presto
Add Archer
Revision 1.3Tue Mar 31 2009John McDonough
Development Tools updates
Revision 1.2Mon Mar 30 2009John McDonough
Add changes in boot menu
New Gnome and KDE content
Multimedia Beat
Revision 1.1Sun Mar 15 2009John McDonough
Add Scientific and Technical section
Revision 1.0Tue Feb 10 2009Ryan Lerch
First Draft