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1.3. Configuring Yum and Yum Repositories

This section shows you how to:
The /etc/yum.conf configuration file contains one mandatory [main] section under which you can set Yum options. The values that you define in the [main] section of yum.conf have global effect, and may override values set any individual [repository] sections. You can also add [repository] sections to /etc/yum.conf; however, best practice is to define individual repositories in new or existing .repo files in the /etc/yum.repos.d/directory. Refer to Section 1.3.2, “Setting [repository] Options” if you need to add or edit repository-specific information.

1.3.1. Setting [main] Options

The /etc/yum.conf configuration file contains exactly one [main] section. You can add many additional options under the [main] section heading in /etc/yum.conf. Some of the key-value pairs in the [main] section affect how yum operates; others affect how Yum treats repositories. The best source of information for all Yum options is in the [main] OPTIONS and [repository] OPTIONS sections of man yum.conf.
Here is a sample /etc/yum.conf configuration file:
[comments abridged]
# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d

Here is a list of the most commonly-used options in the [main] section, and descriptions for each:
This option specifies the directory where Yum should store its cache and database files. By default, Yum's cache directory is /var/cache/yum.
keepcache=<1 or 0>
Setting keepcache=1 instructs yum to keep the cache of headers and packages after a successful installation. keepcache=1 is the default.
reposdir=<absolute path to directory of .repo files>
This option allows you to specify a directory where .repo files are located. .repo files contain repository information (similar to the [repository] section(s) of /etc/yum.conf). yum collects all repository information from .repo files and the [repository] section of the /etc/yum.conf file to create a master list of repositories to use for transactions. Refer to Section 1.3.2, “Setting [repository] Options” for more information about options you can use for both the [repository] section and .repo files. If reposdir is not set, yum uses the default directory /etc/yum.repos.d/.
gpgcheck=<1 or 0>
This enables or disables GPG signature checking on packages in all repositories, including local package installation. The default is gpgcheck=0, which disables GPG-checking. If this option is set in the [main] section of the /etc/yum.conf file, it sets the GPG-checking rule for all repositories. However, you can also set this on individual repositories instead; i.e., you can enable GPG-checking on one repository while disabling it on another. Setting gpgcheck= for individual repositories overrides the default if it is present in /etc/yum.conf. Refer to Section 3.3, “Checking a Package's Signature” for further information on GPG signature-checking.
assumeyes=<1 or 0>
This determines whether or not yum should prompt for confirmation of critical actions. The default is assumeyes=0, which means yum will prompt you for confirmation. If assumeyes=1 is set, yum behaves in the same way that the command line option -y does.
exclude="<package_name> [more_names]"
This option allows you to exclude packages by keyword during installation/updates. Listing multiple packages for exclusion can be accomplished by quoting a space-delimited list of packages. Shell globs using wildcards (for example, * and ?) are allowed.
This sets the number of times yum should attempt to retrieve a file before returning an error. Setting this to 0 makes yum retry forever. The default value is 6.