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Chapter 7. Security for virtualization

7.1. SELinux and virtualization
7.2. SELinux considerations
When deploying virtualization technologies on your corporate infrastructure, you must ensure that the host cannot be compromised. The host, in the Xen hypervisor, is a privileged domain that handles system management and manages all virtual machines. If the host is insecure, all other domains in the system are vulnerable. There are several ways to enhance security on systems using virtualization. You or your organization should create a Deployment Plan containing the operating specifications and specifies which services are needed on your virtualized guests and host servers as well as what support is required for these services. Here are a few security issues to consider while developing a deployment plan:

7.1. SELinux and virtualization

Security Enhanced Linux was developed by the NSA with assistance from the Linux community to provide stronger security for Linux. SELinux limits an attackers abilities and works to prevent many common security exploits such as buffer overflow attacks and privilege escalation. It is because of these benefits that Fedora recommends all Linux systems should run with SELinux enabled and in enforcing mode.
SELinux prevents guest images from loading if SELinux is enabled and the images are not in the correct directory. SELinux requires that all guest images are stored in /var/lib/libvirt/images.
Adding LVM based storage with SELinux in enforcing mode
The following section is an example of adding a logical volume to a virtualized guest with SELinux enabled. These instructions also work for hard drive partitions.
Procedure 7.1. Creating and mounting a logical volume on a virtualized guest with SELinux enabled
  1. Create a logical volume. This example creates a 5 gigabyte logical volume named NewVolumeName on the volume group named volumegroup.
    # lvcreate -n NewVolumeName -L 5G volumegroup
    
  2. Format the NewVolumeName logical volume with a file system that supports extended attributes, such as ext3.
    # mke2fs -j /dev/volumegroup/NewVolumeName
    
  3. Create a new directory for mounting the new logical volume. This directory can be anywhere on your file system. It is advised not to put it in important system directories (/etc, /var, /sys) or in home directories (/home or /root). This example uses a directory called /virtstorage
    # mkdir /virtstorage
    
  4. Mount the logical volume.
    # mount /dev/volumegroup/NewVolumeName /virtstorage
    
  5. Set the correct SELinux type for the Xen folder.
    semanage fcontext -a -t xen_image_t "/virtualization(/.*)?"
    
    
    Alternatively, set the correct SELinux type for a KVM folder.
    semanage fcontext -a -t virt_image_t "/virtualization(/.*)?"
    
    
    If the targeted policy is used (targeted is the default policy) the command appends a line to the /etc/selinux/targeted/contexts/files/file_contexts.local file which makes the change persistent. The appended line may resemble this:
    /virtstorage(/.*)?    system_u:object_r:xen_image_t:s0
    
    
  6. Run the command to change the type of the mount point (/virtstorage) and all files under it to xen_image_t (restorecon and setfiles read the files in /etc/selinux/targeted/contexts/files/).
    # restorecon -R -v /virtualization