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Fedora 16

Installation Guide

Installing Fedora 16 on x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 architectures

Edition 1.0

Fedora Documentation Team

Fedora Documentation Project

Legal Notice

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Provides documentation for the installation process.

1. Document Conventions
1.1. Typographic Conventions
1.2. Pull-quote Conventions
1.3. Notes and Warnings
2. We Need Feedback!
3. Acknowledgments
1. Background
1.1. About Fedora
1.2. Getting Additional Help
2. About This Document
2.1. Goals
2.2. Audience
1. Quick Start for Experts
1.1. Overview
1.2. Download Files
1.3. Prepare for Installation
1.4. Install Fedora
1.5. Perform Post-installation Steps
2. Obtaining Fedora
2.1. Downloading Fedora
2.1.1. How Do I Download Installation Files?
2.1.2. Which Architecture Is My Computer?
2.1.3. Which Files Do I Download?
2.2. Obtaining Fedora on CD or DVD
3. Making Media
3.1. Making an installation DVD
3.2. Preparing a USB flash drive as an installation source
3.2.1. Making Fedora USB Media on a Windows Operating System
3.2.2. Making Fedora USB Media in UNIX, Linux, and Similar Operating Systems
3.3. Making Minimal Boot Media
3.3.1. UEFI-based systems
I. Installation and Booting
4. Planning for Installation on the x86 Architecture
4.1. Upgrade or Install?
4.2. Is Your Hardware Compatible?
4.3. RAID and Other Disk Devices
4.3.1. Hardware RAID
4.3.2. Software RAID
4.3.3. FireWire and USB Disks
4.4. Do You Have Enough Disk Space?
4.5. Selecting an Installation Method
4.6. Choose a boot method
5. Preparing for Installation
5.1. Preparing for a Network Installation
5.1.1. Preparing for FTP and HTTP installation
5.1.2. Preparing for an NFS installation
5.2. Preparing for a Hard Drive Installation
6. System Specifications List
7. Booting the Installer
7.1. Starting the Installation Program
7.1.1. Booting the Installation Program on x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 Systems
7.1.2. The Boot Menu
7.1.3. Additional Boot Options
7.2. Installing from a Different Source
7.3. Booting from the Network using PXE
8. Configuring Language and Installation Source
8.1. The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface
8.1.1. Using the Keyboard to Navigate
8.2. Language Selection
8.3. Installation Method
8.3.1. Installing from DVD
8.3.2. Installing from a Hard Drive
8.3.3. Performing a Network Installation
8.3.4. Installing via NFS
8.3.5. Installing via FTP or HTTP
8.4. Verifying Media
9. Installing using anaconda
9.1. The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface
9.2. The Graphical Installation Program User Interface
9.2.1. Screenshots during installation
9.2.2. A Note about Virtual Consoles
9.3. Keyboard Configuration
9.4. Storage Devices
9.4.1. The Storage Devices Selection Screen
9.5. Setting the Hostname
9.5.1. Edit Network Connections
9.6. Time Zone Configuration
9.7. Set the Root Password
9.8. Assign Storage Devices
9.9. Initializing the Hard Disk
9.10. Upgrading an Existing System
9.10.1. The Upgrade Dialog
9.10.2. Upgrading Using the Installer
9.10.3. Upgrading Boot Loader Configuration
9.11. Disk Partitioning Setup
9.12. Encrypt Partitions
9.13. Creating a Custom Layout or Modifying the Default Layout
9.13.1. Create Storage
9.13.2. Adding Partitions
9.13.3. Create Software RAID
9.13.4. Create LVM Logical Volume
9.13.5. Recommended Partitioning Scheme
9.14. Write changes to disk
9.15. x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 Boot Loader Configuration
9.15.1. Advanced Boot Loader Configuration
9.15.2. Rescue Mode
9.15.3. Alternative Boot Loaders
9.16. Package Group Selection
9.16.1. Installing from Additional Repositories
9.16.2. Customizing the Software Selection
9.17. Installing Packages
9.18. Installation Complete
10. Troubleshooting Installation on an Intel or AMD System
10.1. You are unable to boot Fedora
10.1.1. Are You Unable to Boot With Your RAID Card?
10.1.2. Is Your System Displaying Signal 11 Errors?
10.2. Trouble Beginning the Installation
10.2.1. Problems with Booting into the Graphical Installation
10.3. Trouble During the Installation
10.3.1. No devices found to install Fedora Error Message
10.3.2. Saving traceback messages
10.3.3. Trouble with Partition Tables
10.3.4. Using Remaining Space
10.3.5. Other Partitioning Problems
10.4. Problems After Installation
10.4.1. Trouble With the Graphical GRUB Screen on an x86-based System?
10.4.2. Booting into a Graphical Environment
10.4.3. Problems with the X Window System (GUI)
10.4.4. Problems with the X Server Crashing and Non-Root Users
10.4.5. Problems When You Try to Log In
10.4.6. Is Your RAM Not Being Recognized?
10.4.7. Your Printer Does Not Work
10.4.8. Apache HTTP Server or Sendmail stops responding during startup
II. Advanced installation options
11. Boot Options
11.1. Configuring the Installation System at the Boot Menu
11.1.1. Specifying the Language
11.1.2. Configuring the Interface
11.1.3. Updating anaconda
11.1.4. Specifying the Installation Method
11.1.5. Specifying the Network Settings
11.2. Enabling Remote Access to the Installation System
11.2.1. Enabling Remote Access with VNC
11.2.2. Connecting the Installation System to a VNC Listener
11.2.3. Enabling Remote Access with ssh
11.3. Logging to a Remote System During the Installation
11.3.1. Configuring a Log Server
11.4. Automating the Installation with Kickstart
11.5. Enhancing Hardware Support
11.5.1. Overriding Automatic Hardware Detection
11.6. Using the Maintenance Boot Modes
11.6.1. Loading the Memory (RAM) Testing Mode
11.6.2. Verifying boot media
11.6.3. Booting Your Computer with the Rescue Mode
11.6.4. Upgrading your computer
12. Installing Without Media
12.1. Retrieving Boot Files
12.2. Editing the GRUB Configuration
12.3. Booting to Installation
13. Setting Up an Installation Server
13.1. Setting Up cobbler
13.2. Setting Up the Distribution
13.3. Mirroring a Network Location
13.4. Importing the Distribution
13.5. Manually configure a PXE server
13.5.1. Setting up the Network Server
13.5.2. PXE Boot Configuration
13.5.3. Adding PXE Hosts
13.5.4. TFTPD
13.5.5. Configuring the DHCP Server
13.5.6. Adding a Custom Boot Message
13.5.7. Performing the PXE Installation
14. Installing Through VNC
14.1. VNC Viewer
14.2. VNC Modes in Anaconda
14.2.1. Direct Mode
14.2.2. Connect Mode
14.3. Installation Using VNC
14.3.1. Installation Example
14.3.2. Kickstart Considerations
14.3.3. Firewall Considerations
14.4. References
15. Kickstart Installations
15.1. What are Kickstart Installations?
15.2. How Do You Perform a Kickstart Installation?
15.3. Creating the Kickstart File
15.4. Kickstart Options
15.4.1. Advanced Partitioning Example
15.5. Package Selection
15.6. Pre-installation Script
15.6.1. Example
15.7. Post-installation Script
15.7.1. Example
15.8. Making the Kickstart File Available
15.8.1. Creating Kickstart Boot Media
15.8.2. Making the Kickstart File Available on the Network
15.9. Making the Installation Tree Available
15.10. Starting a Kickstart Installation
16. Kickstart Configurator
16.1. Basic Configuration
16.2. Installation Method
16.3. Boot Loader Options
16.4. Partition Information
16.4.1. Creating Partitions
16.5. Network Configuration
16.6. Authentication
16.7. Firewall Configuration
16.7.1. SELinux Configuration
16.8. Display Configuration
16.9. Package Selection
16.10. Pre-Installation Script
16.11. Post-Installation Script
16.11.1. Chroot Environment
16.11.2. Use an Interpreter
16.12. Saving the File
III. After installation
17. Firstboot
17.1. License Agreement
17.2. Create User
17.2.1. Authentication Configuration
17.3. Date and Time
17.4. Hardware Profile
18. Your Next Steps
18.1. Updating Your System
18.2. Finishing an Upgrade
18.3. Switching to a Graphical Login
18.3.1. Enabling Access to Software Repositories from the Command Line
18.4. Subscribing to Fedora Announcements and News
18.5. Finding Documentation and Support
18.6. Joining the Fedora Community
19. Basic System Recovery
19.1. Rescue Mode
19.1.1. Common Problems
19.1.2. Booting into Rescue Mode
19.1.3. Booting into Single-User Mode
19.1.4. Booting into Emergency Mode
19.2. Using rescue mode to fix or work around driver problems
19.2.1. Using RPM to add, remove, or replace a driver
19.2.2. Blacklisting a driver
20. Upgrading Your Current System
20.1. Determining Whether to Upgrade or Re-Install
20.2. Upgrading Your System
21. Removing Fedora
21.1. Fedora is the only operating system on the computer
21.2. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and another operating system
21.2.1. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and a Microsoft Windows operating system
21.2.2. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and Mac OS X
21.2.3. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and a different Linux distribution
21.3. Replacing Fedora with MS-DOS or legacy versions of Microsoft Windows
IV. Technical appendixes
A. An Introduction to Disk Partitions
A.1. Hard Disk Basic Concepts
A.1.1. It is Not What You Write, it is How You Write It
A.1.2. Partitions: Turning One Drive Into Many
A.1.3. Partitions within Partitions — An Overview of Extended Partitions
A.1.4. Making Room For Fedora
A.1.5. Partition Naming Scheme
A.1.6. Disk Partitions and Other Operating Systems
A.1.7. Disk Partitions and Mount Points
A.1.8. How Many Partitions?
B. ISCSI disks
B.1. iSCSI disks in anaconda
B.2. iSCSI disks during start up
C. Disk Encryption
C.1. What is block device encryption?
C.2. Encrypting block devices using dm-crypt/LUKS
C.2.1. Overview of LUKS
C.2.2. How will I access the encrypted devices after installation? (System Startup)
C.2.3. Choosing a Good Passphrase
C.3. Creating Encrypted Block Devices in Anaconda
C.3.1. What Kinds of Block Devices Can Be Encrypted?
C.3.2. Saving Passphrases
C.3.3. Creating and Saving Backup Passphrases
C.4. Creating Encrypted Block Devices on the Installed System After Installation
C.4.1. Create the block devices
C.4.2. Optional: Fill the device with random data
C.4.3. Format the device as a dm-crypt/LUKS encrypted device
C.4.4. Create a mapping to allow access to the device's decrypted contents
C.4.5. Create filesystems on the mapped device, or continue to build complex storage structures using the mapped device
C.4.6. Add the mapping information to /etc/crypttab
C.4.7. Add an entry to /etc/fstab
C.5. Common Post-Installation Tasks
C.5.1. Set a randomly generated key as an additional way to access an encrypted block device
C.5.2. Add a new passphrase to an existing device
C.5.3. Remove a passphrase or key from a device
D. Understanding LVM
E. The GRUB Boot Loader
E.1. Boot Loaders and System Architecture
E.2.1. GRUB and the boot process on BIOS-based x86 systems
E.2.2. GRUB and the boot process on UEFI-based x86 systems
E.2.3. Features of GRUB
E.3. Installing GRUB
E.4. GRUB Terminology
E.4.1. Device Names
E.4.2. File Names and Blocklists
E.4.3. The Root File System and GRUB
E.5. GRUB Interfaces
E.5.1. Interfaces Load Order
E.6. GRUB Commands
E.7. GRUB Menu Configuration File
E.7.1. Configuration File Structure
E.7.2. Configuration File Directives
E.8. Changing Runlevels at Boot Time
E.9. Additional Resources
E.9.1. Installed Documentation
E.9.2. Useful Websites
F. Boot Process, Init, and Shutdown
F.1. The Boot Process
F.2. A Detailed Look at the Boot Process
F.2.1. The firmware interface
F.2.2. The Boot Loader
F.2.3. The Kernel
F.2.4. The /sbin/init Program
F.2.5. Job definitions
F.3. Running Additional Programs at Boot Time
F.4. SysV Init Runlevels
F.4.1. Runlevels
F.4.2. Runlevel Utilities
F.5. Shutting Down
G. Other Technical Documentation
H. Contributors and production methods
H.1. Contributors
H.2. Production methods
I. Revision History