Product SiteDocumentation Site

9.3. OpenSSH Clients

Make sure you have relevant packages installed

To connect to an OpenSSH server from a client machine, you must have the openssh-clients and openssh packages installed. Refer to Section 4.2.4, “Installing Packages” for more information on how to install new packages in Fedora.

9.3.1. Using the ssh Utility

ssh allows you to log in to a remote machine and execute commands there. It is a secure replacement for the rlogin, rsh, and telnet programs.
Similarly to telnet, to log in to a remote machine named penguin.example.com, type the following command at a shell prompt:
~]$ ssh penguin.example.com
This will log you in with the same username you are using on a local machine. If you want to specify a different one, use a command in the ssh username@hostname form. For example, to log in as john, type:
~]$ ssh john@penguin.example.com
The first time you initiate a connection, you will be presented with a message similar to this:
The authenticity of host 'penguin.example.com' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 94:68:3a:3a:bc:f3:9a:9b:01:5d:b3:07:38:e2:11:0c.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?
Type yes to confirm. You will see a notice that the server has been added to the list of known hosts, and a prompt asking for your password:
Warning: Permanently added 'penguin.example.com' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
john@penguin.example.com's password:

Updating the host key of an SSH server

If the SSH server's host key changes, the client notifies the user that the connection cannot proceed until the server's host key is deleted from the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file. To do so, open the file in a text editor, and remove a line containing the remote machine name at the beginning. Before doing this, however, contact the system administrator of the SSH server to verify the server is not compromised.
After entering the password, you will be provided with a shell prompt for the remote machine.
Alternatively, the ssh program can be used to execute a command on the remote machine without logging in to a shell prompt. The syntax for that is ssh [username@]hostname command. For example, if you want to execute the whoami command on penguin.example.com, type:
~]$ ssh john@penguin.example.com whoami
john@penguin.example.com's password:
john
After you enter the correct password, the username will be displayed, and you will return to your local shell prompt.