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19.4. Scenario 2: Migrating an LDAP Server Directly to FreeIPA

IMPORTANT

This is a general migration procedure, but it may not work in every environment.
It is strongly recommended that you set up a test LDAP environment and test the migration process before attempting to migrate the real LDAP environment.
  1. Install the FreeIPA server, including any custom LDAP directory schema[6], on a different machine from the existing LDAP directory.
  2. Disable the compat plug-in.
    # ipa-compat-manage disable
  3. Restart the FreeIPA Directory Server instance.
    # service dirsrv restart
  4. Enable the FreeIPA server to allow migration:
    # ipa config-mod --enable-migration=TRUE
  5. Run the FreeIPA migration script, ipa migrate-ds. At its most basic, this requires only the LDAP URL of the LDAP directory instance to migrate:
    # ipa migrate-ds ldap://ldap.example.com:389
    Simply passing the LDAP URL migrates all of the directory data using common default settings. The user and group data can be selectively migrated by specifying other options, as covered in Section 19.2, “Examples for Using migrate-ds”.
    Once the information is exported, the script adds all required FreeIPA object classes and attributes and converts DNs in attributes to match the FreeIPA directory tree.
  6. Re-enable the compat plug-in.
    # ipa-compat-manage enable
  7. Restart the FreeIPA Directory Server instance.
    # service dirsrv restart
  8. Update the client configuration to use PAM_LDAP and NSS_LDAP to connect to FreeIPA instead of connecting to an LDAP directory, NIS, or local files.
  9. Optional. Set up SSSD. Using SSSD migrates user passwords without additional user interaction, as described in Section 19.1.2, “Planning Password Migration”.
    1. Install SSSD on every client machine:
      # yum install sssd
    2. Run the ipa-client-install to configure SSSD and related services to use the FreeIPA server for identity and Kerberos authentication.
  10. Instruct users to log into FreeIPA using either SSSD client or the migration web page if SSSD is not available on the client. Both methods automatically migrate the user password into FreeIPA.
    https://ipaserver.example.com/ipa/migration
  11. Optional. Reconfigure non-SSSD clients to use Kerberos authentication (pam_krb5) instead of LDAP authentication (pam_ldap).

    NOTE

    Use PAM_LDAP modules until all of the users have been migrated; then it is possible to use PAM_KRB5.
  12. When the migration of all clients and users is complete, decommission the LDAP directory.


[6] There is limited support for custom user and group schema in FreeIPA.