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Chapter 11. DHCP Servers

11.1. Why Use DHCP?
11.2. Configuring a DHCP Server
11.2.1. Configuration File
11.2.2. Lease Database
11.2.3. Starting and Stopping the Server
11.2.4. DHCP Relay Agent
11.3. Configuring a DHCP Client
11.4. Configuring a Multihomed DHCP Server
11.4.1. Host Configuration
11.5. DHCP for IPv6 (DHCPv6)
11.6. Additional Resources
11.6.1. Installed Documentation
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network protocol that automatically assigns TCP/IP information to client machines. Each DHCP client connects to the centrally located DHCP server, which returns that client's network configuration (including the IP address, gateway, and DNS servers).

11.1. Why Use DHCP?

DHCP is useful for automatic configuration of client network interfaces. When configuring the client system, the administrator chooses DHCP instead of specifying an IP address, netmask, gateway, or DNS servers. The client retrieves this information from the DHCP server. DHCP is also useful if an administrator wants to change the IP addresses of a large number of systems. Instead of reconfiguring all the systems, he can just edit one DHCP configuration file on the server for the new set of IP addresses. If the DNS servers for an organization changes, the changes are made on the DHCP server, not on the DHCP clients. When the administrator restarts the network or reboots the clients, the changes will go into effect.
If an organization has a functional DHCP server properly connected to a network, laptops and other mobile computer users can move these devices from office to office.