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7.3. Interface Control Scripts

The interface control scripts activate and deactivate system interfaces. There are two primary interface control scripts that call on control scripts located in the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory: /sbin/ifdown and /sbin/ifup.
The ifup and ifdown interface scripts are symbolic links to scripts in the /sbin/ directory. When either of these scripts are called, they require the value of the interface to be specified, such as:
ifup eth0

Use the ifup and ifdown interface scripts

The ifup and ifdown interface scripts are the only scripts that the user should use to bring up and take down network interfaces.
The following scripts are described for reference purposes only.
Two files used to perform a variety of network initialization tasks during the process of bringing up a network interface are /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions and /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/network-functions. Refer to Section 7.5, “Network Function Files” for more information.
After verifying that an interface has been specified and that the user executing the request is allowed to control the interface, the correct script brings the interface up or down. The following are common interface control scripts found within the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory:
Configures IP aliases from interface configuration files when more than one IP address is associated with an interface.
ifup-ippp and ifdown-ippp
Brings ISDN interfaces up and down.
ifup-ipv6 and ifdown-ipv6
Brings IPv6 interfaces up and down.
Brings up a PLIP interface.
Brings up a USB interface for network connections.
ifup-post and ifdown-post
Contains commands to be executed after an interface is brought up or down.
ifup-ppp and ifdown-ppp
Brings a PPP interface up or down.
Adds static routes for a device as its interface is brought up.
ifdown-sit and ifup-sit
Contains function calls related to bringing up and down an IPv6 tunnel within an IPv4 connection.
Brings up a wireless interface.

Be careful when removing or modifying network scripts!

Removing or modifying any scripts in the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory can cause interface connections to act irregularly or fail. Only advanced users should modify scripts related to a network interface.
The easiest way to manipulate all network scripts simultaneously is to use the systemctl command on the network service (/etc/rc.d/init.d/network), as illustrated by the following command:
systemctl action network.service
Here, action can be either start, stop, or restart.
To view a list of configured devices and currently active network interfaces, use the following command:
 systemctl status network.service


The older SysV service commands, such as service network status are considered deprecated but will still work. The SysV services can define their status in an arbitrary fashion so the output of the status command is not considered predictable over time. The SysV commands are retained for compatibility purposes. The /sbin/service utility will call systemctl when necessary.