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10.13. Postfix

From the Postfix project page:
"What is Postfix? It is Wietse Venema's mailer that started life at IBM research as an alternative to the widely-used Sendmail program. Postfix attempts to be fast, easy to administer, and secure. The outside has a definite Sendmail-ish flavor, but the inside is completely different."
In Fedora, the postfix package provides postfix. Run rpm -q postfix to see if the postfix package is installed. If it is not installed, run the following command as the root user to install it:
yum install postfix

10.13.1. Postfix and SELinux

When Postfix is enabled, it runs confined by default. Confined processes run in their own domains, and are separated from other confined processes. If a confined process is compromised by an attacker, depending on SELinux policy configuration, an attacker's access to resources and the possible damage they can do is limited. The following example demonstrates the Postfix and related processes running in their own domain. This example assumes the postfix package is installed and that the Postfix service has been started:
  1. Run getenforce to confirm SELinux is running in enforcing mode:
    $ getenforce
    Enforcing
    
    The getenforce command returns Enforcing when SELinux is running in enforcing mode.
  2. Run service postfix start as the root user to start postfix:
    service postfix start
    Starting postfix:                               [  OK  ]
    
  3. Run ps -eZ | grep postfix to view the postfix processes:
    ps -eZ | grep postfix
    system_u:system_r:postfix_master_t:s0 1651 ?   00:00:00 master
    system_u:system_r:postfix_pickup_t:s0 1662 ?   00:00:00 pickup
    system_u:system_r:postfix_qmgr_t:s0 1663 ?     00:00:00 qmgr
    
    For example, the SELinux context associated with the Postfix master process is unconfined_u:system_r:postfix_master_t:s0. The second last part of the context, postfix_master_t, is the type for this process. A type defines a domain for processes and a type for files. In this case, the master process is running in the postfix_master_t domain.