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10.11. PostgreSQL

From the PostgreSQL project page:
"PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system. It has more than 15 years of active development and a proven architecture that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, data integrity, and correctness."
In Fedora, the postgresql-server package provides PostgreSQL. Run rpm -q postgresql-server to see if the postgresql-server package is installed. If it is not installed, run the following command as the root user to install it:
yum install postgresql-server

10.11.1. PostgreSQL and SELinux

When PostgreSQL is enabled, it runs confined by default. Confined processes run in their own domains, and are separated from other confined processes. If a confined process is compromised by an attacker, depending on SELinux policy configuration, an attacker's access to resources and the possible damage they can do is limited. The following example demonstrates the PostgreSQL processes running in their own domain. This example assumes the postgresql-server package is installed:
  1. Run getenforce to confirm SELinux is running in enforcing mode:
    $ getenforce
    Enforcing
    
    The getenforce command returns Enforcing when SELinux is running in enforcing mode.
  2. Run service postgresql start as the root user to start postgresql:
    service postgresql start
    Starting postgresql service:                               [  OK  ]
    
  3. Run ps -eZ | grep postgres to view the postgresql processes:
    ps -eZ | grep postgres
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 395 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 397 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 399 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 400 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 401 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0 402 ?    00:00:00 postmaster
    
    The SELinux context associated with the postgresql processes is unconfined_u:system_r:postgresql_t:s0. The second last part of the context, postgresql_t, is the type. A type defines a domain for processes and a type for files. In this case, the postgresql processes are running in the postgresql_t domain.