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8.2.3. Console, Environment and Display Options

This kernel option specifies a device to be used as the primary console. For example, to use a console on the first serial port, use console=ttyS0. This option should be used along with the inst.text option.
You can use this option multiple times. In that case, the boot message will be displayed on all specified consoles, but only the last one will be used by the installation program afterwards. For example, if you specify console=ttyS0 console=ttyS1, the installation program will only use ttyS1.
Disables access to the root shell during the installation. This is useful with automated (Kickstart) installations - if you use this option, a user can watch the installation progress, but they cannot interfere with it by accessing the root shell by pressing Ctrl+Alt+F2.
Sets the language to be used during the installation. Language codes are the same as the ones used in the lang Kickstart command as described in Section A.4.2, “lang (optional) - Configure Language During Installation”. On systems where the system-config-language package is installed, a list of valid values can also be find in /usr/share/system-config-language/locale-list.
If you perform the installation interactively, the language you specified using this option will be selected by default, but you will still be able to change it at the beginning of the graphical installation.
Configures geolocation usage in the installation program. Geolocation is used to pre-set the language and time zone, and uses the following syntax: inst.geoloc=value
The value parameter can be any of the following:
Table 8.3. Valid Values for the inst.geoloc Option
Disable geolocation inst.geoloc=0
Use the Fedora GeoIP API inst.geoloc=provider_fedora_geoip
Use the GeoIP API inst.geoloc=provider_hostip

If this option is not specified, Anaconda will use provider_fedora_geoip.
Specifies the keyboard layout to be used by the installation program. Layout codes are the same as the ones used in the keyboard Kickstart command as described in Appendix A, Kickstart Syntax Reference.
Forces the installation program to run in text mode instead of graphical mode. The text user interface is limited, for example, it does not allow you to modify the partition layout or set up LVM. When installing a system on a machine with a limited graphical capabilities, it is recommended to use VNC as described in Section 8.2.6, “Enabling Remote Access Using VNC”.
Forces the installation program to run in command line mode. This mode does not allow any interaction, all options must be specified in a Kickstart file or on the command line.
Forces the installation program to run in graphical mode. This mode is the default.
Specifies the screen resolution in graphical mode. The format is NxM, where N is the screen width and M is the screen height (in pixels). The lowest supported resolution is 800x600.
Specifies the name of the X driver to be used both during the installation and on the installed system.
Tells the installation program to use the frame buffer X driver instead of a hardware-specific driver. This option is equivalent to inst.xdriver=fbdev.
Blacklists (completely disables) one or more drivers. Drivers (mods) disabled using this option will be prevented from loading when the installation starts, and after the installation finishes, the installed system will keep these settings. The blacklisted drivers can then be found in the /etc/modprobe.d/ directory.
Use a comma-separated list to disable multiple drivers. For example:
Starts the sshd service during the installation, which allows you to connect to the system during the installation using SSH and monitor its progress. For more information on SSH, see the ssh(1) man page and the corresponding chapter in the Fedora System Administrator's Guide, available at


During the installation, the root account has no password by default. You can set a root password to be used during the installation with the sshpw Kickstart command as described in Section A.6.6, “sshpw (optional) - Restrict ssh Access During Installation”.