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Fedora Core 3

Software Management with yum

Stuart Ellis

Legal Notice

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Abstract

1. Introduction
1.1. Purpose
1.2. Audience
1.3. Using This Document
1.4. Additional Resources
2. Software Management Concepts
2.1. About Packages
2.2. About Repositories
2.3. About Dependencies
2.4. Understanding Package Names
3. Software Management Tools in Fedora Core;
4. Updating Your System with yum
4.1. Automatically Updating Your System
5. Searching for Software with yum
5.1. Searching by Package Name and Attributes
5.2. Advanced Searches
5.3. Understanding Matches
6. Managing Software with yum
6.1. Installing New Software with yum
6.2. Installing Software from a Package with yum
6.3. Updating Software with yum
6.4. Removing Software with yum
7. Using Other Software Repositories
7.1. Adding a Repository as a Package Source
7.2. Manually Authorizing Package Sources
7.3. Understanding Repository Compatibility
8. Maintaining yum
8.1. Disabling or Removing Package Sources
8.2. Clearing the yum Caches
9. Managing yum Repositories
9.1. Creating a New Repository
9.2. Repository Definition Files
9.3. Updating a Repository
10. Using yum with a Proxy Server
Index
Index

1. Introduction

1.1. Purpose

This tutorial presents basic concepts of software management on Fedora; systems. It outlines the major functions of yum, the recommended software management tool for Fedora;.

1.2. Audience

This tutorial is intended for Fedora; users of all experience levels.

1.3. Using This Document

You may wish to read some or all of the sections, depending upon your needs and level of experience. If you are a new user, read Section 2, “Software Management Concepts” before using yum for the first time. If you are an experienced Linux user, start with Section 4, “Updating Your System with yum.
If you have several Fedora; systems on a network, you may benefit from setting up your own software repositories to manage the process of installation and updates. Refer to Section 9, “Managing yum Repositories” for details of maintaining your own repositories.
Most of the examples in this document use the package tsclient, which is included with Fedora Core;. The tsclient package provides an application for remote desktop access. If you install it successfully, you may start the application by choosing ApplicationsInternetTerminal Server Client. To use the examples, substitute the name of the relevant package for tsclient.

Avoid Logging in with the Root Account

You do not need to log in with the root account in order to manage your Fedora Core; system. Any commands in this tutorial which require root access will prompt you for the root password. The procedures use the command su -c to provide this facility.

1.4. Additional Resources

The yum utility has features and options that are not discussed in this document. Read the man pages for yum(8) and yum.conf(5) to learn more, using the following commands:
	man yum man yum.conf

The official home page for yum on the World Wide Web is http://linux.duke.edu/projects/yum/. The official mailing list for yum users is at https://lists.dulug.duke.edu/mailman/listinfo/yum/. The archive for the yum development mailing list is at https://lists.dulug.duke.edu/pipermail/yum-devel/.

2. Software Management Concepts

2.1. About Packages

Fedora; software and documentation is supplied in the form of RPM packages. Each package is a compressed archive which contains product information, program files, icons, documentation and management scripts. Management applications use these files to safely locate, install, update and remove software. For example, the Fedora; installation process uses the packages supplied with Fedora Core; to build or upgrade a system to your requirements.
Packages also include a digital signature to prove their source. Software management utilities verify this digital signature with a GPG public key. The yum and rpm utilities share a common keyring which stores all public keys for the package sources approved by the system administrator.

2.2. About Repositories

A repository is a directory which contains prepared files which refer to software packages. Software management utilities such as yum automatically locate and obtain the correct RPM packages for an application from these repositories. This method frees you from having to manually find and install new applications or updates. You may use a single command to update all of your system's software, or search for new software by specifying criteria. In each case, the management utility connects to the configured repositories and checks files in each one to find the correct packages.
If you use repositories, you always receive the current version of the software. If several versions of the same package are available, your management utility automatically selects the latest version.
For these reasons, you should only manually install software when you are confident that no repository can currently provide it. If a piece of installed software is not available from a repository, you cannot automatically find or install newer versions. You must keep that product updated manually.
The package management utilities in Fedora Core; are automatically configured to use the network of repository servers maintained by the Fedora Project;. These repositories contain the software included with Fedora Core;, and a large selection of additional software known as Fedora Extras\;. Third-party software developers also provide repositories for their Fedora; compatible packages.

Open Source Software

All of the software provided by the Fedora Project; is open source software. For more information about open source software, refer to http://www.opensource.org/.

2.3. About Dependencies

You must consider package dependencies when manually installing software. For RPM software, a dependency is a capability provided by one package on which other packages rely. Some programs rely on external shared libraries to run properly. If a library is provided by an external package, that package may be a dependency for numerous other packages.
Management tools like yum use the information on dependencies stored within packages to ensure that all of the requirements are met when you install an application. The yum utility installs all required packages which are not already present on your system. If a new application has requirements that conflict with existing software, yum aborts without making any changes to your system.

2.4. Understanding Package Names

Each package file has a long name that indicates several key pieces of information. For example, this is the full name of a package supplied with Fedora Core;:
tsclient-0.132-4.i386.rpm
Use only the name of the package itself with yum, except when it is necessary to specify the exact version or type. To specify the exact version of the application, use name-version. The package listings provided by yum use the format name.architecture, to specify the type of computer for which the package is intended.
These properties are valid for the file shown above:
  • Package name: tsclient
  • Package name with version number: tsclient-0.132
  • Package name with hardware architecture: tsclient.i386
The hardware architecture is the minimum type of machine required for that specific package. Packages with architecture i386 run on any current Intel-compatible computer. Packages for PowerPC machines, such as Apple Macs, are indicated with ppc. Packages with architecture noarch have no architecture requirement.
Some software can be optimized for particular types of Intel-compatible machine, and separate packages may be provided for i386, i586, i686 and x86_64. A computer with at least an Intel Pentium, VIA C3 or compatible CPU is an i586. Computers with an Intel Pentium II or later, or a current model of AMD chip, are i686 machines. 64-bit PCs use x86_64 packages for full 64-bit support.

Other Naming Conventions are Supported

Refer to Section 5.1, “Searching by Package Name and Attributes” for more information on specifying packages by name or type.

3. Software Management Tools in Fedora Core;

The yum utility is a complete software management system. Fedora Core; also includes other several other applications that can supplement yum.
On your desktop is an Alert Icon that keeps you informed about package updates. Until your system is updated, the icon appears as a red circle with a flashing exclamation mark. The Alert Icon is integrated with up2date, which enables you to easily install updates for your system.
Both up2date and yum are configured to use official Fedora; repositories. If you add other repositories to yum, for consistency you should also configure up2date to use them.

Repository Configuration

In Fedora Core; 4 and beyond, up2date is configured to automatically use repositories configured for yum. If you configure any new repositories for yum, up2date will use them also.
Also included in Fedora Core; is system-config-packages. To run this utility, rom the Main Menu, select System SettingsAdd/Remove Applications. Unlike up2date and yum, this utility installs software packages from your Fedora Core; installation discs, and does not use repositories. This application is used on systems that do not have a network connection.
The rpm command-line utility has many functions for working with individual RPM packages. The rpm command can also be used to manually install and remove packages from your system. Installing software with the rpm utility can be difficult for novices, and is not recommended.

Current Package Versions

Using up2date and yum ensures that you have the most recent version of the packages that are being installed. Other methods do not guarantee that the packages are current.

4. Updating Your System with yum

To update all of your Fedora; system's software in a single operation, select ApplicationsSystem ToolsTerminal and type:
su -c 'yum update'
Enter the password for the root account when prompted.
Data files are downloaded from each of the repositories that yum is configured to use. These index and header files are searched for information about newer versions of packages. On a slow connection the download process may take several seconds.
A list of all of the available updates for your system is displayed. Press y to accept the updates. If you accept the updates the relevant packages are then downloaded and installed.

4.1. Automatically Updating Your System

If your system is permanently connected to the network then updates can be performed at any time. The yum package includes scripts that can automatically carry out full updates every day.
To activate automatic daily updating, type this line:
su -c '/sbin/chkconfig --level 345 yum on; /sbin/service yum start'
Enter the root password when prompted.

How Daily Updates are Run

There is no separate yum service that runs on your system. The command given above enables the control script /etc/rc.d/init.d/yum. This control script activates the script /etc/cron.daily/yum.cron, so that the cron service will perform the system update as one of the tasks that are automatically run each day.

5. Searching for Software with yum

You may use yum to find software that is available from the defined repositories, or is already installed on your system. Searches automatically include both installed and available packages.

Searches are not Case-sensitive

The search and list options of yum are not case-sensitive. For example, a query for palmpilot will automatically find PalmPilot packages.

5.1. Searching by Package Name and Attributes

To search for a specific package by name, use the list function. For example, to search for the package tsclient the command would be:
yum list tsclient
To make your queries more specific, add other package attributes. For example, to search for version 0.132 of the application the command would be:
yum list tsclient-0.132

Package Attributes

You may use any of the following formats for specifying a package in a yum query: name, name.architecture, name-version, name-version-release, name-version-release.architecture, and epoch:name-version-release.architecture.

5.2. Advanced Searches

If you do not know the name of the package, use either the search or provides options. Search checks the names, descriptions, summaries and listed package maintainers of all of the available packages to find those that match. For example, to search for all packages that relate to PalmPilots, type:
yum search PalmPilot
The provides function checks both the files included in the packages and the functions that the software provides. This option requires yum to download and read much larger index files than other types of search.
To search for all packages that include files called libneon you type:
yum provides libneon
To search for all packages that either provide an MTA (Mail Transport Agent) service, or include files with mta in their name:
yum provides MTA

Wildcards and Regular Expressions

You may use the standard wildcard characters in search criteria: ? to represent any one character, and * to mean any characters. Use Perl or Python regular expressions to carry out more complex queries.

5.3. Understanding Matches

When carrying out a search yum shows all of the packages that match your criteria. Packages must meet the terms of the search exactly to be considered matches, unless you have used wildcards or a regular expression.
For example, querying for shadowutils or shadow-util would not produce the package shadow-utils. This package would match and be shown if the query was either shadow-util? or Shadow*.
When several versions of the same package are available, only the newest is used.

6. Managing Software with yum

The yum utility has four basic management functions:
  • install new software from the repositories.
  • update existing software.
  • remove unwanted software.
  • localinstall, to install software from a individual package.
In each case you must specify the function and the criteria. Some simple examples are given in each section.

Search Criteria

See Section 5, “Searching for Software with yum for details of search criteria. The management options of yum are case-sensitive.
As with the search and system update functions, yum begins the process by downloading data files from each of the repositories that it is configured to use. Once yum has determined the steps to carry out the task you are presented with the proposed package changes, which you can either approve or reject. By default no changes are made to your system unless you approve.

Downloaded Packages

The RPM packages downloaded and used by yum are held in sub-directories of /var/cache/yum/, with one sub-directory per repository. You may copy these cached packages and use them elsewhere if you wish. Removing a package from your system does not delete the downloaded RPM from the cache. See Section 8.2, “Clearing the yum Caches” for details on purging the caches.

6.1. Installing New Software with yum

To install or update software, yum examines the package caches on your system and each of the configured package sources to determine the best set of actions to produce the required result. This may include installing or updating other packages in addition to the package that you specified.
To install the package tsclient, enter the command:
su -c 'yum install tsclient'
Enter the root password when prompted.

6.2. Installing Software from a Package with yum

Use the localinstall option to install software from an individual package file on your system. In this mode yum simply installs the specified package without connecting to any repository. You are responsible for ensuring that all of the dependencies are already installed on your system.
To install the package tsclient-0.132-4.i386.rpm, enter the command:
su -c 'yum localinstall tsclient-0.132-4.i386.rpm'
Enter the root password when prompted.

Public Key is Required

You must ensure that the public key for the package source has been imported before installing a package without a repository. Refer to Section 7.2, “Manually Authorizing Package Sources”

6.3. Updating Software with yum

Updating a software package follows the same process as installing a new package. For example, to update the tsclient package to the latest version, type:
su -c 'yum update tsclient'
Enter the root password when prompted.

6.4. Removing Software with yum

To remove software, yum examines your system for both the specified software, and any other software that must also be removed in order to safely uninstall it.
To remove the tsclient package from your system the full command is:
su -c 'yum remove tsclient'
Enter the root password when prompted.

7. Using Other Software Repositories

Projects and individuals that provide RPM packages through yum repositories will provide details on their Website. The Fedora Extras\; project is the official source for additional packages.
The Website for Fedora Extras\; is here:

Repositories for Early Versions of Fedora Core;

Fedora Extras\; does not provides packages for Fedora Core; 2 or earlier. The official Website for additional packages for Fedora Core; 1 and Fedora Core; 2 is: http://www.fedora.us/
You should use these sites for software that is not included with Fedora Core;. If these sites do not provide packages for a specific piece of software, the manufacturer of the software may provide or recommend a repository.

7.1. Adding a Repository as a Package Source

Fedora Core; includes a yum package that has Fedora; repositories in the configuration. To add an extra repository, place a definition file in the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory on your system. Package providers make the definition files for their repositories available on their Websites.

Definition File Extension

The names of repository definition files end with .repo.
Adding a file to the definitions directory requires root access. To copy the definition file example.repo, type the command:
su -c 'cp example.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/'
Enter the root password when prompted.
The configuration file for each repository should include the location of the public key that verifies the packages provided by that repository. This public key is automatically imported the first time that you install software from the repository. If the configuration file provided does not include this setting, refer to Section 7.2, “Manually Authorizing Package Sources”.

Repositories and up2date Channels

You should also add new package repositories as up2date channels to ensure consistency between the behavior of the two applications.

7.2. Manually Authorizing Package Sources

To manually add a public key to your rpm keyring, use the import feature of the rpm utility. For example, to import the file GPG-PUB-KEY.asc, type the following:
su -c 'rpm --import GPG-PUB-KEY.asc'
Enter the root password when prompted.
You may also import public keys directly from a Website. For example, to import the file GPG-PUB-KEY.asc on the website www.therepository.com the command would be:
su -c 'rpm --import http://www.therepository.com/GPG-PUB-KEY.asc'

Public Keys and up2date

The up2date utility automatically uses the public key for Fedora Core; packages. It does not add the public key to the keyring that is used by both yum and the rpm utility.

7.3. Understanding Repository Compatibility

The Fedora Extras\; project provides packages that are built to the same standards as the packages that are part of Fedora Core;. Third-party packages should be compatible with these official packages, unless the provider specifically states otherwise.
You should still always check the Website of the provider for compatibility information before attempting to use a repository. Repositories often provide packages that are specifically intended for use with packages that are supplied by other repositories. In some cases separate third-party repository providers may each offer different versions of the same software, preventing those repositories from being safely used together by your Fedora Core; system.
Packages that have been made for one version of Fedora Core; are usually not compatible with other versions of Fedora Core;. The Website of the provider should specifically state which versions of Fedora Core; they support.

Old Versions of yum and Current Repositories

The data format for repository indexes changed with version 2.11 of yum. This was the version supplied with Fedora Core; 3. Repository providers should specify the versions of Fedora Core; that they support. All repositories compatible with current versions of yum can also be identified by the fact that they have a sub-directory called repo-data/.

8. Maintaining yum

The yum system does not require any routine maintenance. It is useful to disable or remove repository definitions that are no longer required, as each repository that is defined and enabled is checked for every operation. You may also wish to periodically remove files relating to unwanted packages, in order to save disk space.

8.1. Disabling or Removing Package Sources

Set enable=0 in a definition file to prevent yum using that repository. Any definition file with this setting is ignored.
To completely remove access to a repository:
  1. Delete the relevant file from /etc/yum.repos.d/.
  2. Delete the cache directory from /var/cache/yum/.
If you will not be using any more packages from that source then you should also remove their public key from the rpm keyring. To remove a public key you first need to know the identification name used by rpm. You may view the details of all public keys with the command:
rpm -qi gpg-pubkey-*
The identification name for a key is gpg-pubkey-Version_number-Release_number. For example, the Fedora Project; public key is currently version 4f2a6fd2, release 3f9d9d3b. The rpm identification for this key is gpg-pubkey-4f2a6fd2-3f9d9d3b.
Once you know the identification name of the key, use the command rpm -e to remove it. To remove the Fedora Project; public key shown above the exact command would be:
su -c 'rpm -e gpg-pubkey-4f2a6fd2-3f9d9d3b'
Enter the root password when prompted.

8.2. Clearing the yum Caches

By design, yum does not automatically delete any of the packages or package header files that it downloads, so that these can be reused. Header files accumulate over time, and these may be purged with the command:
su -c 'yum clean headers'
Run this command to remove all of the packages held in the caches:
su -c 'yum clean packages'
In both cases, enter the root password when prompted.

9. Managing yum Repositories

You may wish to create your own software repositories, or maintain a copy of another repository.

Old versions of yum use a different repository utility

These procedures are for repositories that are compatible with version 2.11 of yum and above. You must use the yum-arch utility that was included with yum 2.10 to enable repositories for older versions of yum.

9.1. Creating a New Repository

A software repository is simply a directory containing package files, with a sub-directory for the package index files used by yum. Other types of files can be held in the main directory without interfering with use of the repository. The data/ sub-directory and the XML files it contains are created and updated with the createrepo utility

Creating Repositories Requires an Extra Package

You must install the createrepo package from Fedora Core; in order to be able to make repositories.
To make a directory into a yum repository:
  1. Copy the RPM packages that you are distributing into the directory.
  2. Open a terminal window.
  3. In the terminal window type: createrepo /path/to/directory. Substitute the path to your package directory for /path/to/directory/.
  4. In the terminal window type: chmod a+x /path/to/directory/repodata/. Substitute the path to your package directory for /path/to/directory/.
  5. Ensure that the directory is available via your chosen network protocols.
The repository is now ready for use.
Create a definition file for this new repository. If you are distributing packages that you have created yourself then you also need to make the GPG public key for your signature available, so that others can verify the packages. The simplest way to make these files available is to put the public key and repository definition files on the same Website or FTP site as the repository.
Creating a definition file is described in Section 9.2, “Repository Definition Files”. Packaging building is beyond the scope of this document.

Repositories and Management Utilities

The createrepo utility makes no changes to the directory other than adding a repo-data/ sub-directory. Adding index files for other utilities does not interfere with yum.

9.2. Repository Definition Files

Create and edit repository definition files with a text editor. Definition files are plain-text with a standard format:
      
       [serverid]
       name=Some longer name and description for this repository
       baseurl=url://path/to/repository-copy-1/
               url://path/to/repository-copy-2/
       enable=(0 to disable this file, or 1 to enable it)
       gpgcheck=(0 to disable checking signatures of packages from this repository, or 1 to enable checking)
       gpgkey=url://path/to/gpg-key-file
      

Example 1. Format of yum Repository Definition Files

The baseurl must specify the complete URL for the root directory of the repository, including the http://, https:// or ftp:// prefix. You may also specify a directory on your system, by using the prefix file:// in the baseurl.

Logging in to Protected Repositories

To use a password-protected repository, include the correct username and password in the baseurl. For example, ftp://user:password@myrepository.com/$releasever/mypackages/.
If possible, list more than one directory or server that holds a copy of the repository. This enables yum to use another repository if the first is unavailable. By default yum randomly selects repositories from the baseurl list. To force yum to use them in sequence, add the option failovermethod=priority.
It is also good practice to use variables like $releasever in the URL, rather than setting these to a specific value. The available variables are listed on the man page for yum.conf. Using variables enables the same definition to function when your system is upgraded to a later version, or if the configuration is copied to another machine.
A definition file is shown below that uses all of these features. In this example, copies of the repository are held in the directory /srv/software/Fedora;/3;/mypackages/ on the system itself, in the directory software/Fedora;/3;/mypackages/ on the Web server www.my-repository.com/, and in the directory pub/software/Fedora;/3;/mypackages/ on the FTP server server.another-repository.org. Here, yum will access the FTP server with the username yum-user and the password qwerty. The failovermethod ensures that yum will check the copy on the local machine, before trying the servers in sequence.
      
       [MyPackages]
       name=Some packages for Fedora $releasever
       baseurl=file:///srv/software/fedora/$releasever/mypackages/
               http://www.my-repository.com/software/fedora/$releasever/mypackages/
               ftp://yum-user:qwerty@anotherserver.another-repository.org/pub/software/fedora/$releasever/mypackages/
       failovermethod=priority
       enable=1
       gpgcheck=1
       gpgkey=http://www.my-repository.com/software/fedora/keys/RPM-GPG-KEY.asc
      

Example 2. A yum Repository Definition File with Failover

To use a list of servers, substitute mirrorlist for baseurl.
Set gpgcheck=0 if it is necessary to disable signature checking for the packages provided by this repository. Avoid distributing or installing unsigned packages.

9.3. Updating a Repository

Whenever a package is added, or replaced with a different version, you must run createrepo again for the index files to be updated. If you are mirroring an existing repository then you may assume that the site administrator updates the indexes, but for safety you should add this to your synchronization scripts. The createrepo utility can be run as frequently as you wish.

10. Using yum with a Proxy Server

Repositories may be accessed through standard proxy servers. If your system is connected to the Internet through a Web proxy server, specify the details of the server in /etc/yum.conf. The proxy setting must specify the proxy server as a complete URL, including the TCP port number. If your proxy server requires a username and password, specify these by adding proxy_username and proxy_password settings.
For example, the settings below enable yum to use the proxy server mycache.mydomain.com, connecting to port 3128, with the username yum-user and the password qwerty.
# The proxy server - proxy server:port number 
proxy=http://mycache.mydomain.com:3128 
# The account details for yum connections 
proxy_username=yum-user 
proxy_password=qwerty
Example 3. Configuration File Settings for Using A Proxy Server

Global Settings

Defining a proxy server in /etc/yum.conf means that all users connect to the proxy server with those details when using yum.
To enable proxy access for a specific user, add the lines in the example box below to their shell profile. For the default bash shell, the profile is the file .bash_profile. The settings below enable yum to use the proxy server mycache.mydomain.com, connecting to port 3128.
# The Web proxy server used by this account 
http_proxy="http://mycache.mydomain.com:3128" 
export http_proxy
Example 4. Profile Settings for Using a Proxy Server

If the proxy server requires a username and password then add these to the URL. For example, to include the username yum-user and the password qwerty:
# The Web proxy server, with the username and password for this account 
http_proxy="http://yum-user:qwerty@mycache.mydomain.com:3128" 
export http_proxy
Example 5. Profile Settings for a Secured Proxy Server

http_proxy Variable with Other Utilities

The http_proxy variable is also used by curl and other utilities. Although yum itself may use http_proxy in either upper-case or lower-case, curl requires the name of the variable to be in lower-case.

Index

D

dependencies
defined, About Dependencies

I

installing software with yum, Installing New Software with yum
installing software with yum (from a package), Installing Software from a Package with yum

P

packages
defined, About Packages
hardware compatibility, Understanding Package Names
naming, Understanding Package Names
packages, locating, Searching for Software with yum
packages, software compatibility, Understanding Repository Compatibility
proxy server, with yum, Using yum with a Proxy Server
public keys, adding, Manually Authorizing Package Sources
public keys, removing, Disabling or Removing Package Sources

R

removing software with yum, Removing Software with yum
repositories
defined, About Repositories
repositories, adding to yum, Adding a Repository as a Package Source
repositories, compatibility, Understanding Repository Compatibility
repositories, creating, Creating a New Repository
repositories, disabling in yum, Disabling or Removing Package Sources
repositories, finding, Using Other Software Repositories
repositories, removing from yum, Disabling or Removing Package Sources
repositories, updating, Updating a Repository
repository definition files, creating, Repository Definition Files
repository definition files, editing, Repository Definition Files
repository definition files, installing, Adding a Repository as a Package Source
repository definition files, removing, Disabling or Removing Package Sources

S

searching for packages, Searching for Software with yum
searching for repositories, Using Other Software Repositories
software, installing, Installing New Software with yum
software, installing from a package, Installing Software from a Package with yum
software, removing, Removing Software with yum
software, updating, Updating Software with yum

Y

yum
documentation, Additional Resources
home page, Additional Resources
mailing lists, Additional Resources
man pages, Additional Resources
updating full system, Updating Your System with yum
yum, cleaning caches, Clearing the yum Caches
yum, package management, Managing Software with yum
yum, using a proxy server, Using yum with a Proxy Server

Index

D

dependencies
defined, About Dependencies

I

installing software with yum, Installing New Software with yum
installing software with yum (from a package), Installing Software from a Package with yum

P

packages
defined, About Packages
hardware compatibility, Understanding Package Names
naming, Understanding Package Names
packages, locating, Searching for Software with yum
packages, software compatibility, Understanding Repository Compatibility
proxy server, with yum, Using yum with a Proxy Server
public keys, adding, Manually Authorizing Package Sources
public keys, removing, Disabling or Removing Package Sources

R

removing software with yum, Removing Software with yum
repositories
defined, About Repositories
repositories, adding to yum, Adding a Repository as a Package Source
repositories, compatibility, Understanding Repository Compatibility
repositories, creating, Creating a New Repository
repositories, disabling in yum, Disabling or Removing Package Sources
repositories, finding, Using Other Software Repositories
repositories, removing from yum, Disabling or Removing Package Sources
repositories, updating, Updating a Repository
repository definition files, creating, Repository Definition Files
repository definition files, editing, Repository Definition Files
repository definition files, installing, Adding a Repository as a Package Source
repository definition files, removing, Disabling or Removing Package Sources

S

searching for packages, Searching for Software with yum
searching for repositories, Using Other Software Repositories
software, installing, Installing New Software with yum
software, installing from a package, Installing Software from a Package with yum
software, removing, Removing Software with yum
software, updating, Updating Software with yum

Y

yum
documentation, Additional Resources
home page, Additional Resources
mailing lists, Additional Resources
man pages, Additional Resources
updating full system, Updating Your System with yum
yum, cleaning caches, Clearing the yum Caches
yum, package management, Managing Software with yum
yum, using a proxy server, Using yum with a Proxy Server