Java is a popular programming language that allows you run programs on many platforms, including Fedora. If you want to create Java programs, you need to install a JDK (Java Development Kit). If you want to run a Java program, you can do that on a JVM (Java Virtual Machine), which is provided with the JRE (Java Runtime Environment). If in doubt, install the JDK because this is sometimes required even if the intention is not to write Java programs.
Many flavors of Java exist and also many versions of each flavor. If you want to just run a specific application, check the documentation of that software to see what versions of Java are supported or have been tested. Most Java applications run on one of the following:
OpenJDK — an open-source implementation of the Java Platform, Standard Edition. This version is preferred, and included in Fedora.
Oracle Java SE — a free JDK from Oracle. This version is not open-source and we recommend that it only be used if OpenJDK is not sufficient.
You can find the following Versions:
Version (Ex. 8)
Long Term Support or
To install OpenJDK from the Fedora repository:
Run the following command to list available versions:
dnf search openjdk
Copy the version of OpenJDK you want to install.
|Various flavors of OpenJDK are available. For information about these options, search the OpenJDK web site.|
Run the following command to install OpenJDK:
sudo dnf install <openjdk-package-name>
sudo dnf install java-1.8.0-openjdk.x86_64
sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk.x86_64
sudo dnf install java-latest-openjdk.x86_64
Installing OpenJDK for development
In order to install the Java Development Kit, runtime environment and associated development tools.
sudo dnf install <openjdk-package-name>-devel
sudo dnf install java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel.x86_64
sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk-devel.x86_64
sudo dnf install java-latest-openjdk-devel.x86_64
Installing Oracle Java SE
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To install Oracle Java SE:
Navigate to Oracle Java SE downloads page, and choose the version of Java you wish to use.
Accept the license agreement and download the appropriate tar.gz file for your systems architecture.
Unpack the tar.gz file somewhere. For example, to extract it to the /opt directory:
sudo tar xf Downloads/jdk-18_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /opt
Set the JAVA_HOME environment variable to that directory. For example:
Note: Always make sure to download latest version available.
Switching between Java Versions
You might have installed several versions of Java on your system, you can switch from one.
After running this command, you will see a list of all installed Java versions, select:
sudo alternatives --config java
Simply enter a selection number to choose which java executable should be used by default.
See the following list of Java-related acronyms for reference:
Java Runtime Environment; required to run Java code and applications
Java Virtual Machine; main component of the JRE
Java Development Kit; required only for development, coding
Software Development Kit; see JDK
Java Web Start is a framework to start application from the Internet
JavaFX is a platform to create and deliver desktop and Rich Internet Apps
is the JavaFX Open Source implementation
Open Source project behind the Java Platform openjdk.java.net.
is a support project for OpenJDK (concern only developers) icedtea.classpath.org
is the Java Web Start package (contains only JavaWS, no applets anymore); install to run JNPL files
are obsolete technology; Not implemented in any recent package
- JSE, J2SE, JEE, …
obsolete acronyms for Java Standard & Enterprise Edition; JavaSE is like JRE
The JDK has as its primary components a collection of programming tools, including:
this tool can be used to run and debug Java applets without a web browser
the annotation-processing tool
a utility which can detect JAR-file conflicts
the IDL-to-Java compiler. This utility generates Java bindings from a given Java IDL file.
the Java Access Bridge. Exposes assistive technologies on Microsoft Windows systems.
the loader for Java applications. This tool is an interpreter and can interpret the class files generated by the javac compiler. Now a single launcher is used for both development and deployment. The old deployment launcher, jre, no longer comes with Sun JDK, and instead it has been replaced by this new java loader.
the Java compiler, which converts source code into Java bytecode
the documentation generator, which automatically generates documentation from source code comments
the archiver, which packages related class libraries into a single JAR file. This tool also helps manage JAR files.
tool to package and sign JavaFX applications
the jar signing and verification tool
the C header and stub generator, used to write native methods
the class file disassembler
the Java Web Start launcher for JNLP applications
Java Monitoring and Management Console
Java Heap Analysis Tool (experimental)
This utility gets configuration information from a running Java process or crash dump. (experimental)
This utility outputs the memory map for Java and can print shared object memory maps or heap memory details of a given process or core dump. (experimental)
Java Mission Control
Java Virtual Machine Process Status Tool lists the instrumented HotSpot Java Virtual Machines (JVMs) on the target system. (experimental)
Java command-line script shell.
utility which prints Java stack traces of Java threads (experimental)
Java Virtual Machine statistics monitoring tool (experimental)
jstat daemon (experimental)
tool for manipulating the keystore
JAR compression tool
the policy creation and management tool, which can determine policy for a Java runtime, specifying which permissions are available for code from various sources
visual tool integrating several command-line JDK tools and lightweight clarification needed] performance and memory profiling capabilities
generates portable JAX-WS artifacts for invoking a web service.
Part of the Java API for XML Binding (JAXB) API. It accepts an XML schema and generates Java classes.
The JDK also comes with a complete Java Runtime Environment, usually called a private runtime, due to the fact that it is separated from the "regular" JRE and has extra contents. It consists of a Java Virtual Machine and all of the class libraries present in the production environment, as well as additional libraries only useful to developers, such as the internationalization libraries and the IDL libraries.
For Java in Fedora, see:
Freenode IRC channel #fedora-java
For more information about Java in general, see:
To develop Java applications, consider the following open-source IDEs:
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