Wine – Running Windows applications in the Fedora GUI
Wine is an open source implementation of the Windows API on top of X and OpenGL.
Wine emulates the Windows runtime environment by translating Windows system calls into POSIX-compliant system calls, recreating the directory structure of Windows systems, and providing alternative implementations of Windows system libraries, system services through wineserver.
Fedora’s Wine packages are split up to allow for smaller installations. The
wine meta package will bring with it the most important components
of Wine. Expert users may want to pick specific components from the list
The current versions of the Wine packages can also be seen on the Fedora packages application.
The default wine configuration files is stored in your
|Different prefixes can be used as descibed in the wine prefix section lower in this document.
Wine respects the XDG Base Directory Specification.
$XDG_DATA_HOME defines the base directory relative to which
user-specific data files should be stored. If
$XDG_DATA_HOME is either
not set or empty, it defaults to
Wine stores its desktop files in
winecfg is a GUI configuration tool for Wine, designed to make life
a little easier than editing the registry.
This utility is provide by the
It allows you to:
set the Windows version
change the default libraries (DLLs) Wine loads
modify graphics settings
modify desktop integration related settings
modify drive mappings
change sound/audio settings
|Some applications do not work with the default Windows version which Wine offers. E.g.: Amazon Kindle Desktop Edition.
Winetricks is a helper script to download and install various redistributable runtime libraries needed to run some programs in Wine. These may include replacements for components of Wine using closed source libraries.
It is provided by the
sudo dnf install winetricks
It can download and install applications and libraries needed to run some programs in Wine, e.g., Adobe Digital Edition.
A Wine prefix is a folder that contains all of the Wine configurations as well as all of the Windows pieces that Wine uses for compatibility, including libraries and a registry.
Some applications need a 32 or 64 wine prefix, this can be done in the following way:
Create a clean wine32/64 prefix:
WINEPREFIX="$HOME/<directory>" WINEARCH=winxx wine wineboot
xxis 32 or 64 bits
<directory>is the directory which you can store the wine environment
To use a wine prefix created before:
How to install the follow applications under wine?
Adobe Digital Edition 4.5
winetricksas descibed before and select install application in the menu "What you do you want to do?"
in "Which package(s) would you like to install?" select
Kindle Desktop Edition
download from → Amazon Kindle
use winecfg to change the default windows version so is 7 to a higher version
Before reporting bugs against Wine please make sure your system is fully up to date.
Also check if a newer version is available in the updates-testing repository.
dnf --enablerepo=updates-testing update wine
If you are using the proprietary graphics drivers please remove them from your system and try again, as they are known to cause problems.
When debugging Wine, your goal is to determine if the issue is one of code functionality or packaging in Fedora.
Check the Wine Application Database to see if your application is supported, or if there are known issues that match yours. Anything that falls into this category is a bug in upstream code functionality.
The next step is to see if the problem persists with a clean ~/.wine folder. To try this without losing your old configuration:
mv ~/.wine ~/.wine-save
Afterwards try to trigger the bug again. Your original wine folder can be restored with:
rm -fr ~/.wine; mv ~/.wine-save ~/.wine
If your application still does not work but has been working in a previous version of wine it is probably a regression. Consider filling a bug in the upstream Wine-staging bug tracking system.
|Do not file bugs in the Winehq.org bugzilla unless told to do so.
If you really think that your bug is Fedora-related, file a bug against the Wine component in Fedora’s bug tracking system.
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