Anaconda is the installation program used by Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and some other distributions.
During installation, a target computer’s hardware is identified and configured, and the appropriate file systems for the system’s architecture are created. Finally, Anaconda allows the user to install the operating system software on the target computer. Anaconda can also upgrade existing installations of earlier versions of the same distribution. After the installation is complete, you can reboot into your installed system and continue doing customization using initial setup.
Anaconda is a fairly sophisticated installer. It supports installation from local and remote sources such as CDs and DVDs, images stored on a hard drive, NFS, HTTP, and FTP. Installation can be scripted with kickstart to provide a fully unattended installation that can be duplicated on scores of machines. It can also be run over VNC on headless machines. A variety of advanced storage devices including LVM, RAID, iSCSI, and multipath are supported from the partitioning program. Anaconda provides advanced debugging features such as remote logging, access to the python interactive debugger, and remote saving of exception dumps.
From time to time, we may distribute updates for Anaconda to fix problems in Fedora releases. The updates page explains how to use these updates images.
If you are an advanced user of Anaconda, you should check out our reference to Anaconda command line options, our kickstart file format documentation and our reference to logging capabilities of Anaconda.
There is a mailing list devoted to the use of kickstart. You can find the list signup and archive information at kickstart list. This is the best place to share tips and tricks about kickstart.
For information on how to customize Anaconda and trees created with it, please see product.img.
There are two mailing lists for Anaconda. The first is the development mailing list. This list is used to discuss development issues, submit patches, and other activities related to extending Anaconda. The sign up for the development list is located at anaconda development list site. Past discussions can be found in the anaconda development archives.
The second list is a user oriented list on how to create kickstart files. The kickstart list is the place to discuss automated installation issues. The sign up for the kickstart list is located at anaconda kickstart list site. Past discussions can be found in the anaconda kickstart archives.
There is also an IRC channel on FreeNode. This resource is for discussion of Anaconda development, not for distribution customization questions.
For how to contribute to Anaconda and related projects, see the Contributing to Anaconda and related projects documentation.
Please note that useful contributions are not limited to submitting patches for source code. You can also help with testing, reporting bugs, improving translations or extending the Anaconda documentation.
Anaconda is now almost entirely written in Python 3. The graphical front end uses GTK+ 3 via gobject-introspection, and as much of the interface as possible is written using the glade interface builder. The earliest parts of Anaconda are in shell for integration with dracut, and there’s still a little bit of C thrown in for interfacing with certain libraries.
Here are some documents if you are planning on working on Anaconda. More are in the works:
If you want to work on Anaconda, you should start with the Anaconda/SourceOverview[Source Overview], which contains a high level discussion of the source files and what they do.
Then look at the online documentation for information on how to test, debug, and develop anaconda.
Familiarize yourself with the tools that Anaconda uses. Check out the following external reference documents:
The primary methods of distributing the Anaconda source are source RPMs in the Fedora development tree and git. To access the current source code in in non-rpm format, you’ll need to install git.
$ dnf install git
Note that several related packages will be installed as well. After the git source code management tool has been installed, then you use anonymous git access to the Anaconda repository.
If you would just like to browse the Anaconda git repository via the web, then please use the following Anaconda git URL.
$ git clone https://github.com/rhinstaller/anaconda.git
The output may look similar to the following:
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/drkludge/anacondatest/anaconda/.git/ remote: Generating pack... remote: Counting objects: 10861 remote: Done counting 91222 objects. remote: Deltifying 91222 objects... remote: 100% (91222/91222) done Indexing 91222 objects... 100% (91222/91222) done remote: Total 91222 (delta 68785), reused 90187 (delta 68059) Resolving 68785 deltas... 100% (68785/68785) done Checking 543 files out... 100% (543/543) done
If you have committer access to Anaconda, then you will want to use the git+ssh access url. (GitHub also supports pushing changes via HTTPS, but may require you to re-authenticate every time you push your changes.)
$ git clone git+ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/rhinstaller/anaconda.git
Once you’ve committed changes locally, you can push them with
$ git push
Anaconda has an extensive suite of tests that is still growing. If you contribute new functionality, it’s good practice to include some tests along with that. We have a document that outlines the test suite infratructure and describes how to run tests.
To contribute you should read our guidelines for contributing.
If you are having difficulty installing, please file the problem report with your distribution vendor.
Before filing a bug, please read up on debugging installation problems, which will tell you how to fill out useful bug reports that will help us quickly solve your problem. Also try searching bugzilla for other reports about your problem, as some bugs are often filed by several people.
The Anaconda Bug Workflow explains how Fedora Anaconda bugs pass through bugzilla, and what all the various statuses really mean. This is only for Fedora.
Additionally, you can use this Bugzilla query to find all open Anaconda bugs.