Fedora provides three primary Editions tailored for some specific use cases. https://getfedora.org offers Fedora Cloud for scalable infrastructure, Fedora Server for organizational infrastructure, and Fedora Workstation for the developer and desktop user.
For alternative desktop environments or media built for more niche purposes, check out Fedora Spins.
Each of these downloads provides a different set of default packages, but you can add to your system after the initial installation to customize it for your needs. The installation process is the same for all spins and Editions, so you can use this guide for any choice you make.
Most modern systems are 64 bit x86 architecture. If your computer was manufactured after 2007, or you aren’t sure, you probably have a
Changing a Fedora installation from one architecture to another is not supported. Use the following table to determine the architecture of your computer according to the type of processor. Consult your manufacturer’s documentation for details on your processor, or resources such as https://ark.intel.com/ or https://products.amd.com/, if necessary.
|Processor manufacturer and model||Architecture type for Fedora|
some Intel Atom, Core series, Pentium 4, and recent vintage Xeon; AMD Athlon, Duron, some Semprons; and older; VIA C3, C7
some Intel Atom, Core 2 series, Core i series and Xeon; AMD: Athlon 64, Athlon II, Sempron64, Phenom series, Fusion series, Bulldozer series and Opteron; Apple MacBook, MacBook Pro, and MacBook Air
Several media types are available. Choose the one that best suits your requirements.
Live images allow you to preview Fedora before installing it. Instead of booting directly into the installer, a live image loads the same environment you’ll get after installation. Fedora Workstation and Fedora Spins are live images.
Use a live image to install your favorite system, test Fedora on new hardware, troubleshoot, or share with friends.
DVD images boot directly into the installation enviroment, and allow you to choose from a variety of packages that are provided with it. In Fedora 21, the DVD option is only available in the Fedora Server Edition.
Use the Fedora Server DVD image when you want customized Fedora Server installations using an offline installation source.
- Образ с сетевой установкой
The netinstall image boots directly into the installation environment, and uses the online Fedora package repositories as the installation source. With a netinstall image, you can select a wide variety of packages to create a customized installation of Fedora.
The Fedora Server netinstall image is a universal one, and can be used to install any Fedora Edition or your own set of favorite packages.
- Образы для ARM
For many ARM systems, Fedora provides preconfigured filesystem images. Write the image to removable media and boot directly into a Fedora installation that’s ready to use.
ARM devices often require special setup procedures that aren’t covered in this guide. Start learning about Fedora ARM at https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Architectures/ARM
- Облачные образы
Fedora Cloud images are preconfigured filesystem images with very few packages installed by default. They include special tools for interacting with cloud platforms, and are not intended to be used outside of cloud environments.
Fedora Cloud comes in several varieties. The Fedora Cloud Base image is a minimal base for cloud deployments. The Fedora Cloud Atomic image is a Docker container host that uses Project Atomic technology for updates. A Docker base image for Fedora is also available.
Cloud images are preconfigured and do not require installation as described in this guide. Get started using Fedora Cloud at https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Cloud
- Загрузочные образы
The tiny images at https://boot.fedoraproject.org/ are written to CDs, USB drives, or even floppy disks. The BFO image loads installation media from Fedora’s servers and directly loads an installation environment, like the netinstall ISO.
BFO images work like PXE deployments, without having to set up a server.