Downloading Fedora

Fedora Editions

Fedora provides three primary Editions tailored for some specific use cases. https://getfedora.org offers Fedora Cloud for scalable infrastructure, Fedora Server for organizational infrastructure, and Fedora Workstation for the developer and desktop user.

For alternative desktop environments or media built for more niche purposes, check out Fedora Spins.

Each of these downloads provides a different set of default packages, but you can add to your system after the initial installation to customize it for your needs. The installation process is the same for all spins and Editions, so you can use this guide for any choice you make.

Which Architecture Is My Computer?

Most modern systems are 64 bit x86 architecture. If your computer was manufactured after 2007, or you aren’t sure, you probably have a x86_64 system.

Changing a Fedora installation from one architecture to another is not supported. Use the following table to determine the architecture of your computer according to the type of processor. Consult your manufacturer’s documentation for details on your processor, or resources such as https://ark.intel.com/ or https://products.amd.com/, if necessary.

Table 1. 处理器和架构类型
Processor manufacturer and model Architecture type for Fedora

some Intel Atom, Core series, Pentium 4, and recent vintage Xeon; AMD Athlon, Duron, some Semprons; and older; VIA C3, C7

i386

some Intel Atom, Core 2 series, Core i series and Xeon; AMD: Athlon 64, Athlon II, Sempron64, Phenom series, Fusion series, Bulldozer series and Opteron; Apple MacBook, MacBook Pro, and MacBook Air

x86_64

Some newer Arm SBCs, SBSA and SystemReady Arm based machines

aarch64

Some older 32-bit Arm SBCs

armhfp

Media Types

Several media types are available. Choose the one that best suits your requirements.

Live Image

Live镜像允许你在安装Fedora之前预览它。不同于直接启动进入安装器,一个Live镜像加载的是你将在安装后得到的相同的环境。Fedora Workstation和Fedora Spins是Live镜像。

使用一个Live镜像来安装你的最喜欢的操作系统,在新的硬件上测试Fedora、疑难解答或者将其分享给朋友。

DVD Image

DVD images boot directly into the installation environment, and allow you to choose from a variety of packages that are provided with it. In Fedora 21, the DVD option is only available in the Fedora Server Edition.

如果你想用离线的资源来自定义Fedora Server安装,那么就使用Fedora Server DVD镜像。

netinstall Image

The netinstall image boots directly into the installation environment, and uses the online Fedora package repositories as the installation source. With a netinstall image, you can install any Fedora Edition or select a wide variety of packages to create a customized installation of Fedora.

Compared to Fedora Workstation DVD image with Fedora Workstation installation: the netinstall images do not hide the GRUB2 menu.

The netinstall images have different default settings:

  • Fedora Server:

    • presets Fedora Server Edition

    • LVM with XFS file system configuration

    • server firewall configuration

    • 15 GiB hard disk space assigned to /; remaining free space left as unpartitioned LVM space

  • Everything:

    • presets Fedora Custom Operating System

    • BTRFS file system configuration

    • client firewall configuration

    • hard disk space assignment does not leave unpartitioned free space

ARM镜像

对于很多ARM系统而言,Fedora提供了预配置的文件系统镜像。向可移动媒体中写入镜像并且启动进入Fedora安装,然后你的系统就立等可用了。

ARM设备一般而言需要特殊的设置步骤,这些步骤不包含在此指南中。开始学习Fedora ARM详见https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Architectures/ARM

Cloud Images

Fedora Cloud镜像是预配置的、有少量软件包预安装的文件系统镜像。它们包括特殊的工具便于和云平台进行交互,且不推荐在云环境之外使用。

Fedora Cloud comes in several varieties. The Fedora Cloud Base image is a minimal base for cloud deployments. The Fedora Cloud Atomic image is a Docker container host that uses Project Atomic technology for updates. A Docker base image for Fedora is also available.

Cloud images are preconfigured and do not require installation as described in this guide. Get started using Fedora Cloud at https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Cloud

Boot Images

https://boot.fedoraproject.org/的tiny镜像被写入CD、USB磁盘,甚至软盘中。BFO镜像从Fedora服务器中读取安装媒体,并且直接读取安装环境,这就像是netinstall镜像一样。

BFO镜像工作就像PXE部署一样,不必须设置安装服务器。