Erste Schritte

Fedora Kinoite ist einfach und überschaubar zu benutzen, spezielles Wissen ist generell nicht erfordert. Bedenke aber, dass Fedora Kinoite anders aufgebaut ist als andere Betriebssysteme, weswegen einige Dinge zu nützlich zu wissen sind.

Fedora Kinoite hat andere Optionen, Software zu installieren, als ein reguläres Fedora KDE Spin (oder andere Paket-basierte Linux Distributionen}. Diese beinhalten:

  • Flatpak Apps: Die bevorzugte Art, (grafische) Apps auf Fedora Kinoite zu installieren.

  • Toolbox: Primär für die Verwendung von Terminal-Apps, Entwicklung, Debugging etc., hat aber auch Unterstützung für grafische Apps.

  • Package layering: Most Fedora packages can be installed on the system with the help of package layering. By default the system operates in pure image mode, but package layering is useful for things like libvirt, drivers, etc.

For information on Flatpak and package layering, see below.

See the dedicated toolbox page to get started with it.


Flatpak ist der bevorzugte Weg, Apps auf Fedora Kinoite zu installieren (für mehr Informationen, siehe Flatpak funktioniert sofort, und Fedora unterhält eine kleine (aber wachsende) Sammlung an Apps, die installiert werden können.

Die andere große Quelle von Flatpak Apps ist Flathub, welches viele Apps beinhaltet.

Einrichtung von Flathub

Um Flathub auf Fedora Kinoite einzurichten, öffne die Flathub-Einrichtungsseite für Fedora und klicke aut den "Flathub repository file" Knopf, um die Datei herunterzuladen.

sfg flathub fedora
Figure 1. Fedora Einrichtungsseite

Ein Popupfenster zeigt die Download-Optionen für die Datei. Die Option "Öffnen mit" sollte "Discover (Standard)" anzeigen. Klicke auf "OK" um den Download zu beginnen.

sfg flathub download
Figure 2. Flathub Download-Optionen

After the download is complete, a new window will open showing the Flathub repository. To start the installation of the Flathub repository, click on the “Install” button (1). You will need to authenticate in the following window to proceed with the installation.

sfg flathub install
Figure 3. Flathub install window

After the repository installation process is complete, the window will be updated to show a “Remove" button in place of the “Install” button.

Alternatively, you can use the following command from the terminal:

$ flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub

Installing Flatpak apps from Flathub

Once the Flathub repository has been setup, it can be used to install Flatpak apps. This can be done directly from the Plasma Discover application, or apps can be browsed on the Flathub website.

If you choose to install apps from the Flathub website, clicking "Install" will download a file which will be opened by the Plasma Discover application, which can then be used to install the app. For example, to install LibreOffice, you first search for and open the LibreOffice page, and then press the “Install” button.

After clicking the “Install” button, a download information window will be shown. Verify the correct Flatpak has been downloaded and then click on the “OK” button to begin installing the LibreOffice application.

sfg libreoffice install
Figure 4. LibreOffice Flatpak download

Once the Flatpak is downloaded, the Plasma Discover application will open a new window with an “Install” button. Click this button to begin installation.

Alternatively, each application on can be installed through the terminal by running the installation command at the bottom of the page that should look something like this:

$ flatpak install flathub <package-name>

As an example, Firefox can be installed by running the following command which can be found on Firefox’s flathub page:

$ flatpak install flathub org.mozilla.firefox

Flatpak command line

Additional details about the flatpak command line interface can be found in the official Flatpak documentation.

Package layering

Package layering works by modifying your Fedora Kinoite installation. As the name implies, it works by extending the packages from which Fedora Kinoite is composed.

Good examples of packages to be layered would be:

  • fish: An alternative Unix shell

  • sway: A Wayland tiling compositor

  • libvirt: The libvirt daemon

Most (but not all) RPM packages provided by Fedora can be installed on Fedora Kinoite using this method.

Currently, using package layering creates a new "deployment", or bootable filesystem root. It does not affect your current root. This preserves rollback and the transactional model, but means that the system must be rebooted after a package has been layered or updated. You can alternatively use rpm-ostree install --apply-live <pkg> to also temporarily apply the change directly to your currently booted deployment. It’s generally expected that you use package layering sparingly, and use flatpak and dnf install inside a toolbox etc.

Package layering is generally done from the command line. However, the Software application does rely on it for installing a small number of apps that are currently difficult to install as Flatpaks.

Installing packages

Packages can be installed on Fedora Kinoite using:

$ rpm-ostree install <package name>

This will download the package and any required dependencies, and recompose your Fedora Kinoite image with them. rpm-ostree uses standard Fedora package names, which can be searched with rpm-ostree search since Fedora Kinoite 39, or using DNF inside a toolbox for previous versions.

Once a package has been installed in this manner, it will be kept up-to-date as new versions are released and as the base operating system is updated.

Replacing packages

In some scenarios, you may want to test out a new version of podman or kernel or other packages that live on the host. The rpm-ostree override command can be used to replace a package with a different version. You can download the package locally and run:

$ rpm-ostree override replace <path to package>

Or you can override packages without downloading using links from koji or bodhi. For example:

$ rpm-ostree override replace

You may also use override remove to effectively "hide" packages; they will still exist in the underlying base layer, but will not appear in the booted root.

Removing and replacing packages using package layering is not generally recommended. For more information, see the rpm-ostree documentation.

Adding packages from external repositories