Samba project completed conversion of Samba AD DC to support MIT Kerberos. Fedora 27 is the first Fedora version to include Samba AD domain controller functionality.
The Samba AD process will take care of starting the MIT KDC and it will load a KDB (Kerberos Database) driver to access the Samba AD database. When provisioning an AD DC using 'samba-tool' it will take care of creating a correct kdc.conf file for the MIT KDC.
For further details, see: upstream’s documentation.
Important changes to note:
Two different deployment modes are now supported for Samba domain controller:
Traditional domain controller (NT-style domain controller)
Active Directory domain controller (new mode).
Samba upgraded to version 4.7.
The default for
client max protocolhas changed to
SMB3_11, which means that
smbclient(and related commands) will work against servers without SMB1 support. It is possible to use the
m/--max-protocoloption to overwrite the
client max protocoloption temporarily.
Encryption support in
-e/--encrypt) works with SMB3 servers as well (Windows Server 2012 or later, Samba 4.0.0 or later).
The change to
SMB3_11as default also means
smbclientno longer negotiates
SMB1unix extensions by default, when talking to a Samba server with
unix extensions = yes. As a result, some commands are not available, e.g.
-mNT1reenables them, if the server supports SMB1.
smbclientlearned a new command 'deltree' that is able to do a recursive deletion of a directory tree.
The dynamic port range for RPC services has been changed from the old default value
49152-65535. This port range is not only used by a Samba AD DC, but also applies to all other server roles including NT4-style domain controllers. The new value has been defined by Microsoft in Windows Server 2008 and newer versions. To make it easier for Administrators to control those port ranges we use the same default and make it configurable with the option:
rpc server dynamic port range. The
rpc server portoption sets the first available port from the new
rpc server dynamic port rangeoption. The option
rpc server portonly applies to Samba provisioned as an AD DC.
Samba AD DC with MIT Kerberos does not have all the features of Heimdal Kerberos build. Missing features, compared to a Heimdal Kerberos build, are:
Read-only domain controller support (RODC). This functionality is not fully working with Heimdal Kerberos build either.
FreeIPA has been upgraded to version 4.6. This is a major FreeIPA release which supports Python 3.
Major changes compared to FreeIPA 4.4 which was shipped in Fedora 26:
FreeIPA is using Python 3 now
Security defaults are in line with the rest of Fedora. In particular, newly issued certificates default to SHA-256.
Smartcard support was added to FreeIPA and SSSD. New
ipa-adviserecipes are available to configure FreeIPA-enrolled clients and servers to support smartcard authentication.
FreeIPA web UI can now be accessed using smartcard authentication. This feature is not enabled by default.
Kerberos PKINIT is enabled by default on new installations with an integrated Certificate Authority. This allows to use smartcards to login to FreeIPA-enrolled hosts and obtain Kerberos tickets.
Kerberos authentication indicator
pkinitis automatically issued when Kerberos PKINIT pre-authentication succeeds. As result, elevated security requirements can be assigned to Kerberos services that require to only smartcard (
pkinit), multi-factor (
otp), or RADIUS (
radius) authentication to succeed prior accessing them.
Users from trusted Active Directory domains can now login to FreeIPA web UI and perform self-service operations.
FreeIPA can now be installed in an environment subject to FIPS 140-2 requirements.
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