Carta do Conselho do Fedora

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O 'Conselho' do Fedora é o nosso órgão de liderança e administração da comunidade de nível superior. Este é responsável pela administração do Projeto Fedora como um todo, e apoia a saúde e o crescimento da 'Comunidade' do Fedora.

O 'Conselho' é composto por uma mistura de representantes de diferentes áreas do projeto, funções denominadas nomeadas pela Red Hat, e um número variável de assentos conetados aos objetivos de médio prazo do projeto. As decisões são tomadas por um processo de consenso, no qual nós trabalhamos juntos como uma equipa comum para encontrar soluções partilhadas e abordar preocupações, com foco em dar voz e não no equilíbrio de poder.

O 'Conselho' é responsável por todo o Projeto Fedora como um todo, e é responsável por aconselhar e supervisionar outros órgãos e equipas de administração do Fedora, conforme necessário.

Responsabilidades

O 'Conselho' é responsável por questões de importância estratégica para o Fedora que requerem liderança e coordenação entre as várias equipas e os subprojetos a alcançar.

Its primary role is to identify the short, medium, and long term goals of the Fedora community and to organize and enable the project to best achieve them. This is done in consultation with the entire Fedora community through transparent, public discussion.

The Council governs Fedora’s financial resources, working with our sponsor(s) to establish an annual budget allocated to support Fedora initiatives, including Fedora Ambassadors, Fedora-managed events, and other activities which advance the project’s goals.

The Council also decides on issues regarding use of the Fedora trademarks, is responsible for final arbitration of complaints related to project policies and for settling disputes escalated from other committees or subgroups, and may handle sensitive legal or personnel issues which require research and discussion to protect the interests of the Fedora Project or its sponsor(s).

Tomar Decisões

A tomada de decisão por consenso visa ser:

  • * Procura de acordo: * Um processo de tomada de decisão por consenso tenta ajudar todos a obterem o que precisam.

  • * Colaborativo: * os participantes contribuem para uma proposta partilhada e a transformam-na numa decisão que corresponde às preocupações de todos os membros do grupo, tanto quanto possível.

  • * Cooperativa: * os participantes de um processo de consenso eficaz devem esforçar-se para alcançar a melhor decisão possível para o grupo e todos os seus membros, em vez de competir por preferências pessoais.

  • Egalitarian: All members of a consensus decision-making body should be afforded, as much as possible, equal input into the process. All members have the opportunity to present, and amend proposals.

  • Inclusive: As many stakeholders as possible should be involved in the consensus decision-making process.

  • Participatory: The consensus process should actively solicit the input and participation of all decision-makers

Many basic decisions are made through a process known as “lazy approval”, in which general consent is assumed unless valid objections are raised within a period of time — generally three to seven days, although the timeframe should be stated each time and should be proportionate to the impact of the action. This process is used for decisions with short-term consequences and which can be easily reversed. Any project member can ask for the deadline to be extended or the decision escalated to require full consensus.

More significant decisions are made through a process of full consensus. In order to pass, these decisions need three positive votes (+3) and no negative votes (-1). A negative vote immediately halts the process and requires discussion. Therefore, in order to remain valid, negative votes must be supported with a specific concerns about the proposal, and suggestions for what could be changed in order to make the proposal acceptable. A vote of “0” is sometimes used to indicate a disagreement but willingness to stand aside; this should also be accompanied with an explanation.

This model matches Fedora’s “Friends” foundation, which calls for finding acceptable consensus to serve the interests of advancing free software. It works because we work together in a community of mutual respect even when we disagree.

In general, the Council conducts business in public discussion, and any Fedora project member can make negative or positive votes. It is the duty of the Council to take concerns raised in this way into serious consideration, but only Council members' votes are binding in the final tally.

When consensus can’t be reached, the Council may ask the Fedora Project Leader to decide on a resolution. Such a request can be made when issues leading to negative votes are outstanding and all Council members agree that the Council is deadlocked, or if the dispute is unresolved after fourteen days and a simple majority of Council members are in favor of the request.

Composição

Objective Leads

On an ongoing basis, including sessions at Flock and in public online meetings, the Council will identify two to four key community objectives with a timeframe of approximately eighteen months, and appoint Objective Leads for each goal. These will serve as auxiliary Council members, with binding votes only over concerns relevant to their particular area.

Each objective will be documented with measurable goals, and the objective lead is responsible for coordinating efforts to reach those goals, evaluating and reporting on progress, and working regularly with all relevant groups in Fedora to ensure that progress is made.

Representantes

O 'Conselho' também inclui quatro cadeiras representativas, uma Representante de Engenharia, uma Representante de Partilha de Intelecto e duas Representantes Eleitos.

“Engineering” and “Mindshare” are broad areas roughly encompassing two of the major areas of activity in Fedora. Engineering is the technical work related to building and releasing the Fedora operating system and the infrastructure related to that. Mindshare includes marketing, design, and Fedora Ambassadors — largely activities that happen between Fedora and the world at large, with the distribution release cycle serving as a fuel source, not the thing that’s being worked on.

The engineering and mindshare representatives' responsibility is to represent their areas collectively, not to be just an individual voice that happens to be voted-in by some subset of Fedora. They are selected by the people active in those areas, coordinated by the Fedora Engineering Steering Committee (FESCo) and a to-be-created mindshare group respectively, and serve for terms to be determined by those committees.

The elected positions cover all Fedora subprojects that are not under the engineering or mindshare banners, and the community at large. One specific responsibility is to represent the voice of individual contributors to the Fedora project. Each representative will also work on specific goals which she or he brings to the Council as highlighted during the election process.

Elections are held twice a year, in concert with the joint Fedora election cycle. One seat is selected at each election, and each position has a two-election (approximately one year) term. No person who currently holds another Council seat can be elected. If a seat becomes vacant, the Council will arrange for a temporary replacement.

Posições de Liderança Eleita

Líder do Projeto Fedora

The Fedora Project Leader serves as the chair of the Council, organizing discussion agendas, bringing issues to the table, and facilitating the consensus process. He or she is accountable for success in all areas of the project, but is not a dictator, benevolent or otherwise. The FPL often serves as the public face and collective voice of the project, and has a corresponding duty to listen to, understand, and fairly represent the collective views and needs of project contributors and stakeholders.

O 'Líder' do Projeto Fedora é contratado pela Red Hat com o conselho e consentimento do 'Conselho'.

Fedora - Ação da Comunidade e Coordenador de Impacto

The Fedora Community Action and Impact Coordinator (FCAIC) initiatives to grow the Fedora user and developer communities, and to make Red Hat / Fedora interactions even more transparent and positive. The Fedora community budget comes to us through the Red Hat Open Source Program Office, and this position facilitates decision-making on how to best focus that to meet our collective objectives.

Cadeiras Auxiliares

As with the objective leads, the next two appointed positions are auxiliary seats. They are intended to have significant positive impact on the project as a whole, but in order to minimize the overall influence of appointed positions vs. those selected by the community, their votes in the consensus process are expected to be related to the scope of the respective role.

Representante da Equipa de Diversidade

A Equipa de Diversidade do Fedora frabalha em iniciativas para avaliar e promover a igualdade e a inclusão nas comunidades de colaboradores e utilizadores do Fedora e ajuda a desenvolver a estratégia do projeto em questões de diversidade. O representante da equipa de diversidade coneta os esforços da equipa ao 'Conselho'.

Esta posição é apontada por membros da 'Equipa de Diversidade' do Fedora, com a aprovação do 'Conselho'.

Fedora - Gestor de Programa

The FPgM coordinates the planning and scheduling of Fedora releases, and tracks changes and features during the development and testing cycle. He or she also assists with the creation, maintenance, and execution of formal, repeatable Fedora processes. Additionally, the FPgM serves as record keeper and secretary for Fedora Council Meetings.

Esta posição é financiada e contratada pela Red Hat, com a aprovação do 'Conselho'.

Coda

Encontros

The Fedora Council is not driven by meetings or by tickets, but does hold regular public IRC meetings to discuss current issues, to clear through anything outstanding which can be quickly resolved, and to ensure that nothing important is left in limbo. All members are be expected to regularly communicate what’s going on in their area, through blog posts or other public updates.

Additionally, the Fedora Project Leader will set aside regular times on IRC to meet with the community. Attendance is not mandatory for all members but is encouraged.

Transparência

The general policy of the Fedora Council is to default to open. Meetings are held in public IRC channels, and open to all Fedora users and contributors. Discussion is held in on a public mailing list open to all subscribers, and formal decisions will be recorded in a public ticket tracking system.

Occasionally, when personal, private, or sensitive issues need to be discussed, a phone call might be used. A private mailing list and ticket tracking instance also exist for these situations, but will also only be used when dealing with these uncommon issues.

Compromisso de Tempo

Servir no 'Conselho' Fedora é um compromisso significativo de tempo e energia. A carga de trabalho para as várias funções irá variar, mas cada uma exigirá um número de horas por semana e, na maioria dos casos, quanto mais, melhor um membro do 'Conselho' é capaz de realizar o trabalho plenamente.

We recognize that most Fedora community members do not have the luxury of working on Fedora full-time or as part of a paid position. The time commitment required for these roles comes simply from what is required to lead a large project like Fedora, and is not intended to be an artificial limit on who can participate. We know that that it can be a pragmatic limit, and for that reason, the Council is responsible for extra effort to receive, recognize, be responsive to, and meaningfully reward the input of contributors offering their individual time.

Filosofia de Administração

Para avançar no "software" livre, nós precisamos de fornecer uma integração sustentável do "software" livre sem cortar custos. Ao fornecer uma primeira impressão positiva antes e durante a instalação e a utilização real, nós apoiamos a reputação do Fedora como um produto líder e confiável que atrai futuros utilizadores e colaboradores. Para fornecer esta integração e experiência, nós precisamos de ter um conjunto claro de prioridades para ajudar todos os colaboradores a decidirem como alocar recursos e resolver conflitos. Estas prioridades não pretendem ser exclusivas ou impedir que os colaboradores trabalhem nas partes do Fedora que são importantes para eles.

Estas prioridades às vezes irão expor lacunas onde os colaboradores precisam de assistência adicional e permitem que eles a procurem na comunidade e trazendo colaboradores adicionais para ajudar, exclusivamente na sua área de interesse específica, se desejado. Embora restringimos o nosso foco em algumas áreas, no entanto, nós devemos oferecer oportunidades de exploração a todos os colaboradores dentro da estrutura dos nossos valores fundamentais e sem impedir o progresso.

Nota Histórica

The previous previous governance structure (Fedora Board) had five members directly appointed by Red Hat and five elected at large. The current structure is more complicated but has a much greater proportion of members selected by the community by election or merit. In the previous board structure, the Fedora Project leader had a special veto power; in the current model, all voting members can block on issues, with a valid reason. The FPL does not have a special veto, but does have a limited power to “unstick” things if consensus genuinely can’t be reached and a decision needs to be made.

Registo de Membros Antigos

Os membros antigos do 'Conselho' do Fedora, juntamente com a participação no 'Conselho' do Fedora anterior, está documentado na página do Histórico dos Membros do Conselho.

Histórico de Documentos

Esta carta foi aprovada pelo 'Conselho' do Projeto Fedora no dia 9 de outubro de 2014 e está em vigor a desde o dia 26 de novembro de 2014. Quaisquer outras mudanças significativas serão observadas aqui; mudanças menores (redação ou formatação menor, etc., sem impacto no significado) podem ser encontradas no repositório git para os documentos do 'Conselho'.

2017-11-15: Atualização do Conselheiro de Diversidade para o Representante da Equipa de Diversidade

2017-10-20: Mover a lista de membros atuais e a informação contacto para documentos separados.

2017-04-05: Alteração de “Outreach” para Mindshare. (pedido)

2014-11-26: Aprovação inicial pelo 0’Conselho' do Projeto Fedora (pedido)