获取 Fedora

Fedora 版本

Fedora 包含三个不同的版本,不同版本的目标人群也不一样。正如 https://getfedora.org 所述,Fedora Cloud 专为可伸缩基础设施打造,Fedora Server 专为组织基础设施设计,Fedora Workstation 则主要面向开发者和桌面用户。

如果你需要其他桌面环境或为特定需求打造的版本,可以尝试 Fedora Spins

不同的版本搭载的软件包组都不一样,当然在系统安装完成后你可以随时对系统的软件包进行调整。不同的版本安装流程可以说是几乎一样的,所以你可以放心地使用这份指南安装任意你选择的版本。

我的计算机使用的是何种架构?

大部分现代的电脑都有着 64 位 x86 架构。如果你的电脑在 2007 年后出厂,或者你对此并不确定,你大概率有着 x86_64 系统。

Changing a Fedora installation from one architecture to another is not supported. Use the following table to determine the architecture of your computer according to the type of processor. Consult your manufacturer’s documentation for details on your processor, or resources such as https://ark.intel.com/ or https://products.amd.com/, if necessary.

Table 1. Processor and architecture types
Processor manufacturer and model Architecture type for Fedora

some Intel Atom, Core series, Pentium 4, and recent vintage Xeon; AMD Athlon, Duron, some Semprons; and older; VIA C3, C7

i386

some Intel Atom, Core 2 series, Core i series and Xeon; AMD: Athlon 64, Athlon II, Sempron64, Phenom series, Fusion series, Bulldozer series and Opteron; Apple MacBook, MacBook Pro, and MacBook Air

x86_64

媒体类型

我们提供了多种类型的媒体介质,你可以从中选择最符合你需要的。

Live 映像

Live images allow you to preview Fedora before installing it. Instead of booting directly into the installer, a live image loads the same environment you’ll get after installation. Fedora Workstation and Fedora Spins are live images.

Use a live image to install your favorite system, test Fedora on new hardware, troubleshoot, or share with friends.

DVD 映像

DVD images boot directly into the installation enviroment, and allow you to choose from a variety of packages that are provided with it. In Fedora 21, the DVD option is only available in the Fedora Server Edition.

Use the Fedora Server DVD image when you want customized Fedora Server installations using an offline installation source.

网络安装映像

The netinstall image boots directly into the installation environment, and uses the online Fedora package repositories as the installation source. With a netinstall image, you can select a wide variety of packages to create a customized installation of Fedora.

The Fedora Server netinstall image is a universal one, and can be used to install any Fedora Edition or your own set of favorite packages.

ARM images

For many ARM systems, Fedora provides preconfigured filesystem images. Write the image to removable media and boot directly into a Fedora installation that’s ready to use.

ARM devices often require special setup procedures that aren’t covered in this guide. Start learning about Fedora ARM at https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Architectures/ARM

网络映像

Fedora Cloud images are preconfigured filesystem images with very few packages installed by default. They include special tools for interacting with cloud platforms, and are not intended to be used outside of cloud environments.

Fedora Cloud comes in several varieties. The Fedora Cloud Base image is a minimal base for cloud deployments. The Fedora Cloud Atomic image is a Docker container host that uses Project Atomic technology for updates. A Docker base image for Fedora is also available.

Cloud images are preconfigured and do not require installation as described in this guide. Get started using Fedora Cloud at https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Cloud

可启动映像

The tiny images at https://boot.fedoraproject.org/ are written to CDs, USB drives, or even floppy disks. The BFO image loads installation media from Fedora’s servers and directly loads an installation environment, like the netinstall ISO.

BFO images work like PXE deployments, without having to set up a server.