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Fedora 文档团队 Version F39 Last review: 2024-03-04
This guide intends to provide an overview of and an introduction to installing Fedora. It takes into account users with varying levels of knowledge and experience with Fedora, and therefore covers greater detail than some users are likely to require. This should specifically help new users to complete the installation process without interruptions. Users may skip section about familiar topics.


This guide covers installation of Fedora, a Linux distribution built on free and open source software. This manual helps you install Fedora on desktops, laptops, and servers. The installation system is easy to use, even if you lack previous knowledge of Linux or computer networks. If you select default options, Fedora provides a complete operating system, with solid security settings and including productivity applications, Internet utilities, and administration tools.

Fedora 在几个为特殊目的量身定制的分发项目中提供。我们称之为*版本*和*spin*。


大多数版本和 spin,但不是全部,都使用 Fedora 安装程序 Anaconda,但方式在细节上完全不同。

Therefore, each edition describes the installation separately. Most spins are based on one of the editions, mostly Fedora Workstation, and use the corresponding installation procedure.


Fedora variants and how to install

Fedora Workstation 版本

这一变体通过 Live CD 进行安装

Fedora Workstation 变体

大多数变体均可通过 Live CD 进行安装。

Software download at

Fedora Server 版



Fedora 物联网版



Fedora CoreOS Edition

A minimal, container-focused operating system, designed for clusters but also operable standalone. The project provides a Getting Started guide.

Fedora Silverblue

An immutable desktop variant of Fedora Workstation Edition, featuring the GNOME desktop, and an excellent platform for container-focused workflows.

Fedora Kinoite

An immutable desktop variant of Fedora Workstation Edition, featuring the KDE Plasma desktop, and an excellent platform for container-focused workflows.

Fedora Sericea

An immutable desktop variant of Fedora Workstation Edition, featuring the Sway tiling window manager, and an excellent platform for container-focused workflows.

Fedora Onyx

An immutable desktop variant of Fedora Workstation Edition, featuring the Budgie desktop, and an excellent platform for container-focused workflows.

More information at

Fedora Cloud

As the name indicates, it focuses on Fedora on cloud networks. Installation and usage follows the respective cloud systems.

More information at

Fedora 实验室

Curated bundles of purpose-driven software, maintained by community members. The respective compilations are either installed as independent, complete Fedora versions or complement existing Fedora installations.

According to different usage und purposes the variation not only differ in their installation process, they differ in administration and usage. To learn how to use an installed Fedora system, see the manuals available at the specific variant documentation pages.

Regarding installation, be especially prepared for the fact that each variant requires additional post-installation processes.

General preparations

Despite all the differentiation, some things are the same for all variants.

Download the software deliverables

The differentiation according to tasks and areas of application corresponds to a differentiation of the download options and the further processing.

To find out more about Fedora download options, see Fedora Downloads.

Visit the Fedora Project website to download a distribution file.

Prepare boot media

An install on hardware usually requires to transfer the download file to a bootable medium, mostly an USB stick. Fedora Media Writer is the tool of choice, developed and supported by Fedora.

Alternatively you may try balenaEtcher or the Ventoy project, both available for Linux, macOS, and Windows. The latter is specifically useful if you want to have several distributions and versions available on one stick.


If you encounter any problems which are not described in documentation, you might get help from members of the community - developers, users, and others. There are many ways to get help: the Ask Fedora website, mailing lists, forums, or IRC.

The discussion forum Ask Fedora is the recommended way to start with. See Getting help for detailed information.


If you use an NVIDIA GPU and are experiencing significant visual issues while running Fedora from a live USB, it could be that your GPU is not fully compatible with the FOSS Nouveau driver. One possible workaround for this situation is to do the following 3 steps:

  1. During the live USB boot process, hit e at the GRUB boot menu.

  2. Find the line that begins with linux, and add nouveau.modeset=0 to the end of that line.

  3. Press <ctrl> + x to resume the boot process.