Prerequisites for the tutorials

Les tutoriels suivants ont pour objectif de vous aider à prendre en main Fedora CoreOS en apprenant à configurer automatiquement (ou provisionner) une instance lors de son premier démarrage. Les tutoriels se suivent dans un ordre logique, ainsi il est conseillé de les suivre dans l’ordre.

Si vous ne connaissez pas Fedora CoreOS, vous pouvez vous référer à la FAQ pour plus d’informations.

If you need any help or need to ask any questions while going through those tutorials, please join the Matrix room, or join our discussion board. If you find any issue in the tutorial, please report them in the fedora-coreos-docs issue tracker.

You should start with the setup instructions from this page as they must be completed first to be able to follow the tutorials.

Virtualisation avec libvirt

These tutorials are written targeting a Linux environment with a working libvirt setup and hardware virtualization support via KVM. There is, however, nothing specific to the libvirt environment in those tutorials and you can thus try the same configurations on any platform where you have console access (or you can skip to the SSH access tutorial to get remote access).

For instructions to set up libvirt and KVM you may refer to the Getting started with virtualization guide from Fedora. Although this setup guide is focused on Fedora, the tutorials should work on any distribution with libvirt installed and running.

Local working directory

To keep all configuration files and Fedora CoreOS images in the same place, we will create a new directory to work from:

mkdir ~/coreos
cd ~/coreos

SSH public key

Some of the tutorials add an SSH public key to the instances to allow for SSH access as opposed to serial console access. Please place a public key in your current working directory under the filename ssh-key.pub. For example, for a RSA keypair the default location would be in ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub:

cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub ssh-key.pub

CoreOS tools

For the tutorials, we will need the following tools:

  • Butane: To generate Ignition configuration from Butane config files.

  • coreos-installer: To download the latest Fedora CoreOS QCOW2 image.

  • ignition-validate: To validate Ignition configuration files.

Setup with podman or docker

All the tools required to work with Fedora CoreOS are available from containers hosted on quay.io:

podman pull quay.io/coreos/butane:release
podman pull quay.io/coreos/coreos-installer:release
podman pull quay.io/coreos/ignition-validate:release

To make it simpler to type, you may add the following aliases to your shell configuration:

alias butane='podman run --rm --interactive       \
              --security-opt label=disable        \
              --volume ${PWD}:/pwd --workdir /pwd \
              quay.io/coreos/butane:release'

alias coreos-installer='podman run --pull=always            \
                        --rm --interactive                  \
                        --security-opt label=disable        \
                        --volume ${PWD}:/pwd --workdir /pwd \
                        quay.io/coreos/coreos-installer:release'

alias ignition-validate='podman run --rm --interactive       \
                         --security-opt label=disable        \
                         --volume ${PWD}:/pwd --workdir /pwd \
                         quay.io/coreos/ignition-validate:release'

Vous pouvez alors utiliser coreos-installer pour télécharger la dernière image de la version stable avec :

coreos-installer download -p qemu -f qcow2.xz --decompress

To make the tutorial simpler, you should rename the image that we have just downloaded to a shorter name:

mv fedora-coreos-40.20240616.3.0-qemu.x86_64.qcow2 fedora-coreos.qcow2

You are now ready to proceed with the first tutorial.

Installing via Fedora packages

All three tools (Butane, coreos-installer, and ignition-validate) are available as Fedora packages:

# Installation des outils
sudo dnf install -y butane coreos-installer ignition-validate

# Téléchargement de la dernière version stable de Fedora CoreOS dans le format d'image QCOW2
coreos-installer download -p qemu -f qcow2.xz --decompress

To make the tutorial simpler, you should rename the image that we have just downloaded to a shorter name:

mv fedora-coreos-40.20240616.3.0-qemu.x86_64.qcow2 fedora-coreos.qcow2

You are now ready to proceed with the first tutorial.

Téléchargement manuel

If none of the previous solutions work for you, you can still manually download Fedora CoreOS from fedoraproject.org with:

RELEASE="40.20240616.3.0"
curl -O https://builds.coreos.fedoraproject.org/prod/streams/stable/builds/$RELEASE/x86_64/fedora-coreos-$RELEASE-qemu.x86_64.qcow2.xz
curl -O https://builds.coreos.fedoraproject.org/prod/streams/stable/builds/$RELEASE/x86_64/fedora-coreos-$RELEASE-qemu.x86_64.qcow2.xz.sig

Once the archive has been downloaded, make sure to verify its integrity by following the instructions available by clicking on the Verify signature & SHA256 button. You will have to download the checksum file, the signature and Fedora GPG keys to verify your download:

curl https://fedoraproject.org/fedora.gpg | gpg --import
gpg --verify fedora-coreos-$RELEASE-qemu.x86_64.qcow2.xz.sig

Once you have verified the archive, you can extract it with:

unxz fedora-coreos-$RELEASE-qemu.x86_64.qcow2.xz

To make the tutorial simpler, you should rename the image that we have just downloaded to a shorter name:

mv fedora-coreos-40.20240616.3.0-qemu.x86_64.qcow2 fedora-coreos.qcow2

Vous pouvez ensuite télécharger la dernière versions de Butane et ignition-validate depuis GitHub :

# Butane
curl -OL https://github.com/coreos/butane/releases/download/v0.21.0/butane-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
curl -OL https://github.com/coreos/butane/releases/download/v0.21.0/butane-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.asc
gpg --verify butane-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.asc
mv butane-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu butane
chmod a+x butane

# ignition-validate
curl -OL https://github.com/coreos/ignition/releases/download/v2.19.0/ignition-validate-x86_64-linux
curl -OL https://github.com/coreos/ignition/releases/download/v2.19.0/ignition-validate-x86_64-linux.asc
gpg --verify ignition-validate-x86_64-linux.asc
mv ignition-validate-x86_64-linux ignition-validate
chmod a+x ignition-validate

You may then set up aliases for butane and ignition-validate:

alias butane="${PWD}/butane"
alias ignition-validate="${PWD}/ignition-validate"

Ou alors déplacer ces commandes dans un dossier qui est inclus dans votre $PATH, par exemple :

mv butane ignition-validate "${HOME}/.local/bin/"
# Ou
mv butane ignition-validate "${HOME}/bin"

You are now ready to proceed with the first tutorial.