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After the Installation

This chapter describes the initial setup tools which open after you finish the installation, reboot the system, and log in for the first time.

Two separate configuration tools are part of Fedora. If you installed the GNOME desktop environment (the default Fedora environment, installed for example as part of the Fedora Workstation Edition), the GNOME Initial Setup utility will open; for all other graphical environments, the Initial Setup tool serves the same purpose.

Both of these tools will allow you to configure user-specific settings which have not been configured during the installation. Some of the settings are available both in the graphical installer (or as Kickstart commands) as well as in the initial-setup utilities; in that case, they will only be displayed after the first reboot if you skipped them during the installation. This means that, for example, if you configured a user account before the installation finished, you will not be prompted to do so again after the installation completes.

Configuração Inicial

A tela Configuração inicial é mostrada após o término da instalação e o sistema instalado inicializar pela primeira vez, antes do primeiro login, assumindo que as seguintes condições foram atendidas:

  • Sua seleção de software continha um ambiente gráfico (por exemplo, você instalou o sistema usando uma imagem live do Fedora Workstation).

  • O ambiente gráfico que você instalou não é o Ambiente GNOME (ele fornece seu próprio utilitário de configuração inicial descrito em Definições Iniciais do GNOME).

  • O pacote initial-setup foi instalado.

  • Você não configurou todas as telas disponíveis no instalador gráfico.

A tela principal de Configuração Inicial. Este exemplo mostra todas as opções; nem todas podem ser mostradas
Figura 1. Configuração Inicial

Configuração Inicial permite definir várias configurações do sistema. Todos elas também podem ser configuradas durante a instalação, mas não são necessárias para concluí-la. Apenas as configurações que não foram definidas durante a instalação serão mostradas; por exemplo, se você não criou uma conta de usuário não root durante a instalação, Configuração Inicial começará após a primeira reinicialização e você poderá configurar uma. Se você configurou todas as opções disponíveis durante a instalação, Configuração Inicial não será exibida.

Para configurar qualquer aspecto do sistema disponível no utilitário, clique em qualquer um dos links disponíveis na janela principal (por exemplo, Criar Usuário). Cada link leva a uma tela separada com opções separadas; essas telas são as mesmas que estavam disponíveis durante a instalação gráfica. Se precisar de ajuda, pressione Ajuda no canto superior esquerdo para abrir uma nova janela contendo instruções para aquela tela.

Depois de terminar de configurar qualquer tela, pressione o botão Concluído no canto superior esquerdo para retornar ao menu principal da Configuração Inicial. Depois de definir todas as configurações, clique em Finalizar Configuração no canto inferior direito para salvar todas as configurações definidas. O utilitário de configuração será fechado e você poderá fazer login no sistema.

É possível configurar o Configuração Inicial para exibir todas as opções disponíveis, mesmo que já tenham sido configuradas durante a instalação. Para fazer isso, você deve usar um arquivo Kickstart no início da instalação, e esse arquivo deve conter o seguinte comando:

firstboot --enable --reconfig

A opção --reconfig especifica que todas as opções devem ser exibidas. Veja Automatizando a Instalação com o Kickstart para informações sobre as instalações do Kickstart.

Normalmente, não é possível retornar a Configuração Inicial depois de fechá-la e fazer login no sistema. Você pode fazer com que seja exibido novamente (após a próxima reinicialização, antes que um prompt de login seja exibido), executando o seguinte comando como root :

# systemctl enable initial-setup-graphical.service

Então, reinicie seu sistema.

GNOME Initial Setup

The GNOME Initial Setup utility will be displayed after you log in for the first time with any user account, as long as your first login is in the GNOME desktop environment.

GNOME Initial Setup with language selection displayed.
Figura 2. GNOME Initial Setup

This utility allows you to configure several user-specific settings, such as system language or the default keyboard layout. Use the Next and Previous buttons at the top of the window to navigate between screens. Some screens (Configure online accounts in particular) are optional and can be skipped using the Skip button in the top right corner.

After you finish configuring all screens, click Start using Fedora to exit the utility. After that, the Getting Started page from GNOME help will be displayed, and you can either browse the help content, or close it and start using your desktop.

Common Post-installation Tasks

After you finish the installation and go through one of the initial setup utilities described above, your system is ready for use. However, other administrative tasks not covered by the installer or the initial setup utilities may still be necessary, depending on how you plan to use your system. The list below describes some of the more common tasks usually performed immediately after a new installation.

Recover a lost root password

The root password, which is configured during the installation, is required for accessing the system as the root user. Without this password you will not be able to configure your system or install additional software. If you lost or forgot your root password, you can reset it by following the steps described in Resetting the Root Password.

Configure the network

In most cases, network access is configured during the installation process, either in the Anaconda installation program (see Network & Hostname) or in a Kickstart file (see network (optional) - Configure Network Interfaces). For information on configuring the network after the installation, see the Fedora Networking Guide, available at

Perform an initial system update

If you installed Fedora from a full installation ISO image (such as the Workstation live image or full Server DVD), it is recommended to perform an initial system update, because your installation media likely contained older versions of software packages. During the initial update, all installed packages are updated to their latest available versions. Updates to packages provide security fixes, bug fixes and enhancements.

The DNF package manager is used for updating installed packages. For more information about updating your system with DNF, see the Fedora System Administrator’s Guide, available at

Install driver updates

Usually, drivers for system devices are already supported in the kernel provided by Red Hat Enterprise Linux. However, occasionally, support for devices that have been released recently could be missing. In these cases, a driver update enabling your device may be available.

Devices necessary to complete the installation can have driver updates provided before the installation begins. If a device is missing a driver, but it is not essential during the installation, it is recommended to wait until after the installation completes, and install additional drivers afterwards. For instructions on installing and enabling additional drivers on the installed system using RPM and DNF, see the Fedora System Administrator’s Guide, available at

Configure additional repositories

New software is installed from package repositories. Package repositories are organized sets of software and metadata that can be accessed by the DNF package manager. By default, several update repositories provided by Fedora are configured automatically and you can install updates and additional software from those. However, if you want to set up additional repositories, for example ones containing your own software, some extra steps are needed.

For information about configuring additional software repositories, see the Fedora System Administrator’s Guide, available at

Install additional packages

You can control which packages will be installed by selecting an environment in the Software Selection dialog in the graphical installation (see Software Selection). This dialog does not provide a way to choose individual packages, only predefined sets. However, you can use the DNF package manager to install additional packages after the installation. See the Fedora System Administrator’s Guide, available at, for more information.

Switch to a graphical login

Depending on the options you chose during the installation process, it is possible that your system does not have a graphical interface, instead offering only a text-based prompt. If this is the case and you wish to enable a graphical desktop after the installation, you must install the X Window System and your preferred desktop environment (either GNOME or KDE).

As with all other software, these packages can be installed using the DNF package manager. For information about using DNF to install new packages, see the Fedora System Administrator’s Guide, available at For information on how to enable graphical login by default, see Booting into a Graphical Environment.